March 27, 2017

BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY EXAMPLE ON EVALUATION OF BRAILLE COMPETENCY AND USER SKILL EFFICIENCY OF TEACHERS

 

Background of the Study

In teaching and learning process, there are different internal and external factors that affect the learning skills of the students. An effective teacher is known to have the power to realize socially valued objectives agreed for teacher’s work including the work concerned with enabling students to teach (Campbell et al, 2004).  There are many ways to know if a teacher is effective or not. Effective teaching is intellectually demanding in that it requires the teacher to know, in a deep sense, the subject being taught.

To teach effectively, the teacher needs to be able to think and problem-solve, to analyse a topic, to reflect upon what is an appropriate approach, to select key strategies and materials, and to organize and structure ideas, information, and tasks for students. None of these activities occurs in a vacuum (Eriksen, 1983).

Effective teaching is socially challenging in that it takes place in the context of a department and institution which may have unexamined traditions and conflicting goals and values. Most important of all, effective teaching requires the teacher to consider what the students know, to communicate clearly to them, and to stimulate them to learn, think, communicate, and perhaps in their turn, to stimulate their teachers. In short, to teach effectively you must know your subject, know how your students learn, and how to teach.

However, if the children that are complete in senses and functions well fail to complete the attendance in school, how much more the individuals who are physically disabled or unable to function well as a normal person? In order to promote the education among the children with mobility disorders such as visual impairment, many educators proposed that there should be a special treatment for those people. First, the institutions should address the mobility needs of the students in order to learning objectives of the universities.    

The purpose of the study is to assess the Braille competency and user skill efficiency of teachers. This is done by analysing data acquired from them through survey questionnaires that contain questions related with the topic.            Another purpose of the paper is to be able to determine the implications of Braille competency to students. The experiences of the school teachers to be surveyed for this study pertaining to Braille competency may provide some enlightenment on several implications.

 

Statement of the Problem

This paper intends to the Braille competency and user skill efficiency of teachers by surveying several randomly chosen school teachers in the area.

 

Aims and Objectives

The aim of the paper is to determine the Braille competency and user skill efficiency of teachers. This is in lieu to promote which approach is more advantageous for the school organisations. The reason for aligning the issue of the Braille competency and user skill efficiency of teachers with the schools, is because of the possible implications that each may uniquely provide for the public.

 

            The following research questions are the problems explored:

1.         What are the implications of the Braille competency and user skill efficiency of teachers in the overall development of school? 

2.         What are the views of school teachers regarding Braille system in teaching their students with visual impairment?

3.         Is the current level of teachers Braille knowledge and skill effective in teaching their students?

 

Research Methodology and Techniques for Data collection

Research requires an organised data gathering in order to pinpoint the research philosophies and theories that will be included in the research, the methodology of the research and the instruments of data interpretation. In this study, the Research Process “Onion” will be utilised so that the findings of the study can be thoroughly established. The inner part of the onion describes the methodology portion whereas the outer part discusses the strategies that can be utilised in interpreting the results of the findings.

The descriptive research method uses observation and surveys. In this method, it is possible that the study would be cheap and quick. It could also suggest unanticipated hypotheses. Nonetheless, it would be very hard to rule out alternative explanations and especially infer causations. Thus, this study will use the descriptive approach. This descriptive type of research will utilise observations in the study.  To illustrate the descriptive type of research, Creswell (1994) will guide the researcher when he stated: Descriptive method of research is to gather information about the present existing condition.  The purpose of employing this method is to describe the nature of a situation, as it exists at the time of the study and to explore the cause/s of particular phenomena. The researcher opted to use this kind of research considering the desire of the researcher to obtain first hand data from the respondents so as to formulate rational and sound conclusions and recommendations for the study.

The research described in this document is partly based on quantitative research methods. This permits a flexible and iterative approach. During data gathering the choice and design of methods are constantly modified, based on ongoing analysis. This allows investigation of important new issues and questions as they arise, and allows the investigators to drop unproductive areas of research from the original research plan.

 

 

 

 

 

 

References:

Campbell, J. Kyriakides, L. Muijs, D. and Robinson, W. (2004). Assessing Teacher Effectiveness: Developing a Differentiated Model. New York, RoutledgeFalmer.

Creswell, J.W. 1994, Research design. Qualitative and quantitative approaches. Thousand Oaks, California: Sage.

Eriksen, S. "Private Measures of Good Teaching." Teaching of Psychology 10, n0. 3, 133-136.

 

 

March 26, 2017

Research Proposal on Evaluation of the Success and Failure of NGO-financed Healthcare Projects in Africa

Research Proposal

Introduction

By healthcare we mean treatment and management of diseases, and the safeguarding health through services provided by medical, dental, pharmaceutical, clinical laboratories, nursing, and associated health professionals. Health care helps promotion of better health through preventive, curative and calming interventions. A healthcare provider may be a person or organization providing facilities and services to individuals who need such services.. As such this provider could be the government, the health care industry itself, health care equipment companies and institutions like hospitals or medical laboratories. Healthcare professionals may include chiropractors, dentists, support staff, nurses, psychologists, physicians, pharmacists and optometrists (Heathcare, 2009).

The healthcare industry includes various sectors like the NGOs dedicated to provision of services as well as products for improving health of people. This healthcare industry also incorporates health care equipment along with services, pharmaceuticals, biotechnology and even life sciences. The respective sectors are:

·         hospitals and clinics

·         drug delivery and manufacturing

·         diagnostic substances

·         biotechnology

·         diagnostic laboratories

·         medical equipments

Healthcare systems with their projects are intended on meeting target populations’ healthcare needs. There are many health care systems around the world. Healthcare systems in several countries like in Africa have evolved and not been planned. In yet others an intensive efforts have been made by various organisations apart from the government like trade unions and other coordinated bodies to provide planned health care services to populations (Health care systems, 2002).

In this research, the background, context and theme of the study are presented. Moreover, the objectives of the study and the research statements are formulated. Here, vital concepts, questions and assumptions are stated.

 

Research Objectives

The dissertation will focus the literature materials concerning the success and failure of NGO-financed healthcare projects in Africa. The research will also tackle the issues of healthcare’s improvement and direct implication the healthcare needs of the people of Africa. Moreover, the researcher aims to review the different variables concerning the role played by NGOs in providing healthcare services among poor people of Africa. Moreover, the aims and objectives of this dissertation are the following:

  1. To identify the variables affecting to the progress of healthcare in Africa.
  2. To determine the effect of NGO-financed healthcare projects to the progress and development of healthcare industry in Africa.
  3.  Analysing the value of effective efforts of NGO-financed healthcare projects in helping the citizen of Africa.
  4. To assess the current stance of NGO-financed healthcare projects in Africa.
  5. To suggest suitable strategies for enhancing the progress and growth of healthcare systems in accordance to the healthcare projects in Africa.

 

Research Questions

In accordance to the given research objectives, the following research questions should be answered:

  1. What are the variables affecting the progress of healthcare in Africa?
  2. What is the effect of NGO-financed healthcare projects to the progress and development of healthcare industry in Africa?
  3.  Is the effort of NGO-financed healthcare projects in helping the citizen of Africa effective?
  4. What is the current stance of NGO-financed healthcare projects in Africa?
  5. Are there any suitable strategies for enhancing the progress and growth of healthcare systems in accordance to the healthcare projects in Africa?

 

Methodology

This paper will be based on qualitative research method. There are factors which stand to achieve from the use of qualitative research inquisition. Basically, researchers gain not only because of increased ease of use to pre-existing viewpoint and the contextually responsive nature of methodologies such as life history, but also for the reason that qualitative research methodology helps researchers address the "singularity of values" so ubiquitous in past research efforts and understand the nature of "intercontextual work (Saunders, Lewis, & Thornhill,  2003).

 

References:

Health care systems . (2002). Encyclopedia - The Free Encyclopedia. [Online] Available at: http://encyclopedia/Health_care_systems [Accessed 08 July  2010]

 

Heathcare. (2009). CurryGuide [Online] Available at: http://www.curryguide.com/topic/110/Healthcare [Accessed 08 July  2010].

 

Saunders, M., Lewis, P. and Thornhill, A. (2003). Research Methods for Business Students (3rd Ed.). London: Prentice Hall. 

A Project to Help People in Poverty

A Project to Help People in Poverty

 

Introduction

According to the Time Magazine (2010), the "world food crisis" of 2007-08 was the tip of an iceberg. The food crises and hunger are endemic to the modern world, and the eruption of a rapid increase in food prices provided a fresh window on this cultural fact. According to George (1977), famines signify the final stage in a comprehensive procedure of deepening vulnerability and fracturing of social reproduction mechanisms.  She believed that this food "crisis" represents the intensification of a long-term crisis of social reproduction stemming from colonialism, and was enhanced by neoliberal capitalist growth.

In popular history, food is an essential feature. Gofton (1989) has established that lifestyles have seen many changes over the post-war years, and these are reflected in numerous ways in food and its consumption habits. The invasion of various nationalities affected the history of food. It could be said that colonization contributed a lot on the food development of a specific region. For instance, most of Oriental traditions of food like that of the Philippines and Indonesia is an amalgamation of Oriental features such as Spanish and American. Food is a marker of identity of many different levels (Keane & Willetts, 1994, p. 15). To directly quote:

Countries are commonly characterized by one or two dishes which are regarded as emblems of the nation in the same way as the national flag. What is highly regarded in one country may be seen as inedible and vilified in another. Within countries there are regional specialities which may also distinguish one group of people from another. Haggis and “Neeps” (turnips) are seen as intrinsically Scottish while jellied eels could only characterize cockney Londoners (Keane & Willetts, 1994, p. 15).

From here, the identity of food in terms of historical background of a country is clearly manifested. Whatever type of food that serves as national symbol, this provides an individual and cultural identity of the people who consume or eat such. Food comes to represent a certain area and through their consumption, people establish an identity in which categorized as pride in its history.

            But the questions still remain “Are there enough food for the poor people of Indonesia?” and “Is there enough "healthy food" to feed the Indonesian people?” Food as a basic need, as every person needs to eat, what people eat becomes a most powerful symbol of what they are (Fox, 2003). Economy serves as an important feature of food culture among communities. Practically, the richer the economy, the more diverse the assortment of food in relation to types, costs, etc. and vice versa. Situating food and eating identity in the economic and cultural environments of which they are a part is important (Keane & Willetts, 1994, p. 15). Developed countries are able to sustain the food supply and consumption their population. Thus, there is no shortage or at any rate, they are able to give what is due to their people. For poor countries like Indonesia where famine is experienced, the food culture is greatly different. Poor people in the co8untry eat almost anything that they could have or perceived to be edible just to serve the needs of nutrition. People from these regions fail to do such, death due to malnutrition, illness, or state of famine is expected. It could be said that food in modern economies are better than in poorer to poorest societies. Economic constraints are also a vital consideration.

 

 

 

Objective of the Study

The primary objective of this study is to examine and determine the current stance of poverty and hunger proliferating in Indonesia. To address this objective, the researcher explores the nature and kind of food needed by the poor people in Indonesia and the government efforts towards hyper-inflation and price control.

            Apparently, a survey to be conducted to some of government officials aimed to determine their perception towards the issue of price control and hyper-inflation. Furthermore, an interview will be also conducted to know what are their problems and concerns regarding food shortage. Finally, this research comes up with pertinent findings, and provides insightful recommendations on price policies and food shortage counter measures imposed by the government of Indonesia.

 

Research Questions

Generally, the purpose of this study is to conduct a study on the issue of food shortage and poverty in Indonesia. This study tries to answer the following queries:

1.                    What are the government official’s perceptions regarding the food shortage issue and price control?

2.                   What are the specific foods that needed by the poor people in Indonesia at most?

3.                   What are criterions in determining the food needed by the poor people of Indonesia?

4.                   What should the government do to control the price not to increase or suppress hyper-inflation?

 

 

 

Scope and Limitations

The study intends to investigate the on the issue of food shortage and poverty in Indonesia. For this study, primary research and secondary research will be used. Primary research will be conducted using anonymous questionnaires that will be sent to some government officials in Indonesia. The questionnaires will be used to collect quantitative data and the interviews will be used to provide qualitative insights into the data collected.

The data will be analysed and compiled for the evaluation. The data will then be presented by means of graphical representations and illustration and the difference would be highlighted.

 

 

References:

 

Fox, R. (2003), Food and eating: an anthropological perspective, Social Issues Research Center, Oxford. Retrieved March 12, 2010 from www.sirc.org/publik/foxfood.pdf

 

George, S. (1977), How The Other Half Dies: The Real Reasons for World Hunger (Montclair, NJ: Allenheld, Osmun and Co.

 

Gofton, L. (1989), "Sociology and Food Consumption", British Food Journal, Vol. 91, No. 1, Abstract only.

 

Keane, A. and Willetts, A. (1994), “Factors that Affect Food Choice”, Nutrition & Food Science, No. 4, July/August, pp. 15-17.

 

Time Magazine (2010), Special Section: THE WORLD FOOD CRISIS Retrieved March 12, 2010 from http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,911503-1,00.html

 

March 24, 2017

The Impact of the Banking Act 2004 on the Performance of the Banking Industry in Ghana

The Impact of the Banking Act 2004 on the Performance of the Banking Industry in Ghana

 

Introduction

The world of work and organization has become increasingly demanding and turbulent. There are numerous challenges currently facing by the banking sector in Ghana (Laulajainen, 2003). These are globalization, responsiveness to customers, increasing revenue and decreasing costs, building organizational capability, change and transformation, implementing technology, attracting and developing human capital, and ensuring fundamental and long-lasting change. Thus, levels of competition among organizations have increased. As in the banking industry of Ghana, the banking sector are offering different add on services to enhance their competitive advantage despite of the promulgation of Banking Act 2004.  Some banks in Ghana offer internet banking, some also offers high interest earnings, some also offer low cash loan, and etc.  With this head-to-head battle among banks in Ghana, banks are creating ways to become efficient despite of the promulgation of Banking Act 2004.  Basically the Banking Act 2004 is an act that amends and consolidates the law relating to banking, to regulate institutions which carry on banking business and to provide for other related matters. This Act cover the issues about Ghana banking regulatory systems, licensing of banks, capital and reserves, liquidity, ownership and control, restrictions on lending investment, power of supervision and control, accounts and audit, and other issues related in banking business of Ghana.

 

 

Aims and objectives of the study

While the research questions only refer to the information that the researcher intended to question. The objectives, however, will focus on the necessary problems and objectives that should be clarified in order to gather the intended information and also be able to derive specific information that are not limited by the previous questions. With these objectives, the study will be able to attain the necessary information that can help derive further conclusions and proper recommendations. The study intends to determine the impact of the Banking Act 2004 to the banking industry of Ghana. The study intends to get the appropriate data to help in making the proper assessment. There are other aims and objectives of the study. This includes

 

  1. To determine what Ghana’s banking sector do to meet the needs of their clients.
  2. To determine the things done by Ghana’s banking sector to give satisfaction to their clients in accordance to the promulgation of Banking Act 2004.
  3. To determine and assess the perception of banking sectors pertaining to Ghana Banking Act.
  4. To identify how successful the banking sector of Ghana is and how the Banking Act 2004 contribute to the success of the bank.

 

Methodology

The study shall use survey using questionnaires to gather pertinent data (Creswell, 1994). The questionnaire will be made in such a way that the Ghana banking sectors will spend less time in answering it. Moreover, the study shall also use previous studies and compare it to its existing data in order to provide conclusions and competent recommendations. Survey can be done either by personal survey, telephone survey, self administered questionnaire, mailed questionnaire, and email questionnaire.

 

The study will initially gather information that will serve as introductory part of the study. These kind of information helps the reader what the study is about, what it intends to do and what will be its result. The study will then gather related literature to prove the need for conducting the study. The literature review can help in determining what are the studies already done, what study needs to be corrected. The study will then determine the methods and means for data to be gathered and analyzed. In this part the data is being readied to be gathered and analyzed but the method to gather it will first be determined.  The next part of the study is gathering, presenting and interpreting the data. In this part the validity of the hypothesis and ideas about the study will be proven. The last part of the study will be the part where conclusions and recommendations will be stated. In this part final statement about the study will be done.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

References

 

Creswell, JW 1994, Research design: qualitative and quantitative approaches, Sage, Thousand Oaks, California.

 

Laulajainen, R 2003, Financial geography: a banker's view, Routledge, New York

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Global Financial Crises

Global Financial Crises

RATIONALE

Every business endeavour or venture is constantly faced with financial management problems to which the owner or manager should be able to attend to in order to take the business to success especially during the times of crisis that the global communities are facing (Norris, 2007). Thus, key financial decisions normally confronts the managers in issues and problems that concerns financial investments they usually provide answer to the problems regarding the assets on which the company of firm needs to put money and how a chosen investment should be financed.

With this consideration, we may say that the current credit crunch or the so-called credit crisis is one of the problems experienced not only by some firms in the United States but also by the global economy since their cost of capital was affected.  Basically, the current financial crisis of 2007–2009 which is classified by the general media as a "credit crunch" or "credit crisis" was started last 2007 of July.  The crisis was triggered when most investors loss their confidence in the value of securitised mortgages in the United States.  This development created a liquidity crisis that prompted an extensive inoculation of capital into bank and other financial businesses not only in America but also in Kuwait

 

OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY

The primary objective of this study is to examine and determine the major causes of the global financial crisis of 2008 onwards. To address this objective, the researcher explores the nature of this crisis by evaluating a bank in Kuwait – HSBC Kuwait.

Apparently, a survey to be conducted to clients and bank administrators of HSBC Kuwait aimed to determine their perception towards the current crisis in their respective organisation. Furthermore, an interview will be also conducted to know what are their problems and concerns regarding the 2008 global financial crisis. Finally, this research comes up with pertinent findings, and provides insightful recommendations on global financial crisis in relation to the development of banks in Kuwait.

 

RESEARCH QUESTIONS

Generally, the purpose of this study is to conduct a study concerning the impact of global financial crisis to HSBC Kuwait and identify the perception of the business experts and assess their macro-perspective towards the said crisis. This study will answer the following queries:

1.                    What are the business and financial experts’ perceptions regarding the impact of the current global financial crisis in HSBC Kuwait?

2.                   What are the variables that significantly affect the perception of target subjects regarding global financial crisis?

3.                   What are the strategies imposed by HSBC Kuwait to counter effect of the current global financial crisis?

 

SCOPE AND LIMITATIONS

The study intends to investigate effect of global financial crisis to HSBC Kuwait. For this study, primary research and secondary research will be used. Primary research will be conducted using anonymous questionnaires that will be sent to selected clients, administrative and financial officials of HSBC Kuwait. The questionnaires will be used to collect quantitative data and the interviews will be used to provide qualitative insights into the data collected.

 

RESEARCH METHODOLOGY AND TECHNIQUES FOR DATA COLLECTION

Research requires an organised data gathering in order to pinpoint the research philosophies and theories that will be included in the research, the methodology of the research and the instruments of data interpretation. In this study, the Research Process “Onion” will be utilised so that the findings of the study can be thoroughly established. The inner part of the onion describes the methodology portion whereas the outer part discusses the strategies that can be utilised in interpreting the results of the findings.

The descriptive research method uses observation and surveys. In this method, it is possible that the study would be cheap and quick. It could also suggest unanticipated hypotheses. Nonetheless, it would be very hard to rule out alternative explanations and especially infer causations. Thus, this study will use the descriptive approach. This descriptive type of research will utilise observations in the study.  To illustrate the descriptive type of research, Creswell (1994) will guide the researcher when he stated: Descriptive method of research is to gather information about the present existing condition.  The purpose of employing this method is to describe the nature of a situation, as it exists at the time of the study and to explore the cause/s of particular phenomena. The researcher opted to use this kind of research considering the desire of the researcher to obtain first hand data from the respondents so as to formulate rational and sound conclusions and recommendations for the study.

The research described in this document is partly based on quantitative research methods. This permits a flexible and iterative approach. During data gathering the choice and design of methods are constantly modified, based on ongoing analysis. This allows investigation of important new issues and questions as they arise, and allows the investigators to drop unproductive areas of research from the original research plan.

This study also employs qualitative research method, since this research intends to find and build theories that would explain the relationship of one variable with another variable through qualitative elements in research. These qualitative elements does not have standard measures, rather they are behaviour, attitudes, opinions, and beliefs. Furthermore, as we define the qualitative research it is multimethod in focus, involving an interpretative, naturalistic approach to its subject matter. This means that qualitative researchers study things in their natural settings, attempting to make sense of, or interpret phenomena in terms of the meanings people bring to them. Accordingly, qualitative researchers deploy a wide range of interconnected methods, hoping always to get a better fix on the subject matter at hand.

The primary source of data will come from interviews and anonymous questionnaires from HSBC Kuwait.  The primary data frequently gives the detailed definitions of terms and statistical units used in the study. These are usually broken down into finer classifications. The secondary sources of data will come from published articles from social science journals, theses and related studies on personnel management. Acquiring secondary data are more convenient to use because they are already condensed and organised. Moreover, analysis and interpretation are done more easily.

 

 

REFERENCES:

Creswell, JW (1994) Research design. Qualitative and quantitative approaches. Thousand Oaks, California: Sage.

 

Norris, F. 2007, "A New Kind of Bank Run Tests Old Safeguards". The New York Times. Accessed: 05 April 2010, Available Online at: <http://www.nytimes.com/2007/08/10/business/10liquidity.html?_r=1>

 

March 23, 2017

Global Hospitality to the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Global Hospitality to the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Introduction

The hospitality and tourism industry worldwide is continuously growing in the 21st century. This industry encompasses hotels and other accommodations, restaurants, fast food retail, bars, and catering. It has been characterised in recent decades by the development of an increasing range of highly segmented products and services. Basically, tourism is one of the fast evolving industries that contribute to the development of the society.  In this research paper, evaluations and investigations will be facilitated pertaining to the tourism/hospitality practices and s development within the countries in Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.  Basically, tourism is characteristically considered as travelling for leisure, though this definition has been extended in recent years to consist of any travel outside of one's usual working or living area. As stated by Ashe J. (1999), tourism is very important because it brings profit into an area. If a country wants to grow, they need to find a source of capital. When a destination has something that attracts people they will spend money when they come to visit. For example, the country that has an incredible beach that just cries out for visitors and yet if there is no way to get to it because the roads are not built, then people will not come consistently. Countries in Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA) are good tourist destination but if the government of these countries does not provide parking and food concessions, people will stay away. In addition, if KSA have a professional sports team in town but the seats of the arena are broken, the roof leaks, the paint is peeling, the food is stale, and there is no climate control people will not come. With this, it is evident that tourism in KSA are recognizing the need of the tourism and demonstrating a willingness to invest in whatever it takes to make it happen. From this consideration, this research study will consider the major changes brought by tourism development to the hospitality and tourism industry in KSA.

Statement of the Problem

It is obvious that the government of the countries in KSA are creating ways to improve the tourism of the country through the utilization of different marketing strategies. For instance, this is clearly being exemplified by KSA’s decision to move electronically into ecommerce to promote the various sites and features the country can offer.  Despite of this changes, there are countries in KSA that continuously preserving their natural nature known as sustainable development instead of considering advanced infrastructures, systems and technology. Actually, the KSA’s competitive strengths in accordance to their tourism assets are: abundance, diversity, reliability and visibility of wildlife; unspoiled environment and beautiful scenery; low tourist density; safe destination; beaches; authenticity and the ‘unique KSA experience’ - real KSA and cultural experiences; and friendly people. From there, what is interesting to find out is how the KSA government utilizes development strategies to market or expose those positive traits. This will also “evaluate the major contemporary changes in KSA Tourism and Hospitality Industry in 21st Century.” Then, those changes should be analyzed and evaluated in terms of effectiveness and ineffectiveness.

 

Aim and Objectives

Although one of the ways this research will be run is through subjective interpretation, objectives are also needed as it will also utilize quantitative researched. For this research paper, the aim is to investigate and evaluate the changes occur in KSA tourism industry in accordance to their sustainability practices. The following objectives will be addressed in the study:

ø  The extent to which current development practices affects the success or failure of KSA tourism industry.

ø  The effects of current development concerning global support have on KSA tourism compared to the last 10 years.

ø  How tourism development efforts concerning global support of KSA government affects the success or failure of KSA’s tourism.

ø  Findings in various literatures about the link between concerning global support development and tourism.

ø  The significance of linkage between KSA’s tourism and sustainable development.

 

Overview of the Research Design

For this study, primary research and secondary research will be used. Primary research will be conducted using anonymous questionnaires that will be sent to personalities related to tourism industry of KSA. The researcher will also be conducting focus group interview to personalities related in tourism of KSA. The questionnaires will be used to collect quantitative data and the interviews will be used to provide qualitative insights into the data collected.

As stated above, this research will partially base its findings through quantitative research methods because this permits a flexible and iterative approach. During data gathering the choice and design of methods are constantly modified, based on ongoing analysis. This allows investigation of important new issues about the acquisition and questions as they arise, and allows the investigator to drop unproductive areas of research from the original research plan.

The data collection instrument will be a structured questionnaire that will be based on Likert scale (Creswell, 1994). A Likert Scale is a rating scale that requires the subject to indicate his or her degree of agreement or disagreement with a statement. By rating scale we mean the scales that are usually used to measure attitudes towards an object, the degree to which an object contains a particular attribute, (Like or dislike), toward some attribute, or the importance attached to an attribute (Creswell, 1994).

 

References:

Ashe, J (1999). Bluewater Blureprint, Plus Five. UN Chronicle. 36, 3.

 

Creswell, J.W. (1994). Research design. Qualitative and quantitative approaches. Thousand Oaks, California: Sage.

 

 

March 22, 2017

Research Proposal on Growth of IT Sector in India: A Study of ICT Companies After Liberalization

 

 

Growth of IT Sector in India: A Study of ICT Companies After Liberalization

 

Introduction

Information technology (IT) has changed the way people conduct different aspects of life today. There are developments such as e-business or electronic business; e-commerce or electronic commerce; tele-medicine and e-learning or electronic learning which all show the impact of IT (Bretschneider, & Heintze, 2000). In India, it has benefited governments, business, education and many other sectors because of its efficiency, productivity and cost-effectiveness. It can also experience continuous improvements which would provide people with different and better tools to aid them in various areas in their lives.

The computer is one of the most widely used modern information technology devices in the world today. Companies and organisations need computers in order to manage data into an organised manner for the success of the business. Since the advent of IT, all nations from the most developed to the least developed now have equal opportunity to participate in an exchange of information, intelligence and opportunities. The use of computers has become a standard practice in business and educational settings in industrialised countries and they have realised the potential of IT to yield tangible benefits for them which is the reason why they have developed their own technologies. Moreover, India are beginning to see the advantages of having suitable information system (IS) in business, government and commercial enterprises after the event of liberalization.

 

Objectives of the Proposed Research Project

The research would tackle the growth of IT Sector in India, specifically the ICT companies after liberalisation. In general, this study aims to evaluate and analyse the growth of IT Sector in India.  

 

Research Questions

The study also attempts to answer these minor research questions which emerged from the main research problem. They are as follows:

a.            What is the current stance of ICT business in India

b.            Are the citizens of India ready enough to handle the advancement brought by the ICT industry?

c.            With respect to liberalisation, is the current practice of ICT businesses in India applicable to the current economic status of the said country?

 

Significance of the Problem and Justification of the Investigation

Since information technology is a widely used practice in most organizations today, no matter what size it is, it is important to know the distinction between the systems used for private and public organizations.

 

Methodology

Research requires an organized data gathering in order to pinpoint the research philosophies and theories that will be included in the research, the methodology of the research and the instruments of data interpretation. In this study, the Research Process “Onion” will be utilized so that the findings of the study can be thoroughly established. The inner part of the onion describes the methodology portion whereas the outer part discusses the strategies that can be utilized in interpreting the results of the findings.

The research described in this document is partly based on quantitative research methods (Saunders, Lewis, & Thornhill, 2001). This permits a flexible and iterative approach. During data gathering the choice and design of methods are constantly modified, based on ongoing analysis. This allows investigation of important new issues and questions as they arise, and allows the investigators to drop unproductive areas of research from the original research plan.

This study also employs qualitative research method, since this research intends to find sound evidence. These qualitative elements does not have standard measures, rather they are behaviour, attitudes, opinions, and beliefs.

The primary source of data will come from a survey conducted by the researcher among randomly selected employees of 10 IT companies. The primary data frequently gives the detailed definitions of terms and statistical units used in the study. These are usually broken down into finer classifications.

The secondary sources of data will come from published articles from information technology management journals, theses and related studies on information systems. Acquiring secondary data are more convenient to use because they are already condensed and organized. Moreover, analysis and interpretation are done more easily.

 

REFERENCES

 

 

Bretschneider, S & Heintze, T 2000, ‘Information technology and restructuring in public organizations: Does adoption of information technology affect organizational structures, communications and decision making?’, Journal of Public Administration Research and Theory, vol. 10, no. 4, pp. 801-810.

 

Saunders, M, Lewis, P & Thornhill, A 2001, Research methods for business students, 3rd edn, Prentice Hall, London

 

 

 

 

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