September 25, 2008

A Free Research Proposal on the Pedophilia on Children

The Psycho-Educational Impact of Pedophilia on Children

In doing the case study regarding this type of subject matter, it is efficient to structure the study in a more simplified yet comprehensive manner. The outline of the work will be divided accordingly based on the chosen type of method of research. If for instance this case uses both a qualitative and quantitative method of research it has its own research structure to be followed, but if this study will only use one of the two methods and not an amalgamation of the two, then it should followed a different type of research structure outline.

Based on the research topic and the underlying thesis claim of this paper, it can be assumed that the use of both approaches is deemed necessary. Hence, it followed a certain outline that appropriately serves for the amalgamated method.

All formal research study contains general headings found in the table of content like—the title page, approval sheet, abstract of the whole work, biographical sketch, though this could be omitted depending on the research professor, acknowledgment, dedication and towards the end of the main work are bibliography/references and appendices wherein all gathered data transcriptions, survey questionnaires and interviews are to be put.

            Meanwhile, given these standardized contents applied to all research studies, there are quite dissimilarities in terms of the main content of the work in relation to the process of making the study organized, comprehensive, and systematic. In this connection, the chapters will be divided into seven since this uses an amalgamated method of research.

This study will be composed of seven chapter with corresponding main and sub headings in each. The chapter 1 will be under the main heading—Introduction, Chapter 2 will be Review of the Related Literature, Chapter 3 will be Framework of the Study, Chapter 4 will be Methodology and Design, Chapter 5 will be Results and Discussions, Chapter 6 will be Analyses and Synthesis, and Chapter 7 will be Summary, Conclusions, and Recommendations.

Each Chapter has a corresponding function and subdivided into different sub-headings.

Chapter 1 under the main heading Introduction will be comprised of four sub-heads which are important—background of the study, statement of the problem, objectives, and scope and limitations. Under this chapter, the study will look into the significance of the work and in underlining its main objectives and problems. The chapter 1 offers the readers of the initial information and idea about the topic it pursues.

The chapter 2 under the main heading Review of Related Literature will be subdivided accordingly depending on the bulk of the gathered library information. The sub-heads will be represented by concepts or this can also be a flowing discussion on the gathered related information. Putting sub-heads is under the discretion of the researcher. But for systemic and organization purposes it is advisable to put sub-heads in order that readers can identify the concepts being discussed.

The Framework of the Study under the Chapter 3 is important in any research work. The framework is comprised of three sub-heads namely: theoretical, conceptual, and operational. However, in some cases, especially for quantitative research, operational framework is not used, while in qualitative/quantitative research operational framework is optional.

The Methodology and Design under the Chapter 4 are subdivided into several headings—research design, research method/s, concept and indicators, respondents and sampling frame, instrumentation, data gathering, and time table. These are the subdivision of the chapter 4 in which provides the readers with a detailed information on the methodology and design used by the researcher. Each of them played a significant role in the progress of the research. However, some of these headings can be omitted depending on the method of research one is using. If the research is only a quantitative, concepts and indicators can be omitted while if the study is qualitative, respondents and sampling frame can be omitted. Yet, in this study, these two subheads are to be used.

The chapter 5 will be the results and discussions. Under this chapter, the researcher is ought to present the results gathered from three different instruments used – survey, interview, and group discussion. The presentation of the results and discussion will be presented accordingly based on each instruments used. However, the results and discussions can be integrated yet; no analysis will be made unless the study uses a quantitative approach.

The analyses and synthesis will come after the Chapter 5. In this section, the presentation of analyses will be based on the results presented in the preceding chapter. Moreover, analyses will be the researcher's idea based on the gathered information and results from three instruments used. The last chapter is comprised of summary, conclusions and recommendations. The summary and conclusions will be based on Chapters 5-6, while recommendations will be based on what the study is lacking of that need to be strengthened.

In summary the table of content will be like this:

Table of Contents

Title Page

Approval Sheet

Abstract

Biographical Sketch

Acknowledgement

Dedication

Chapter I: Introduction

  1. Background of the Study
  2. Statement of the Problem
  3. Objectives
  4. Scope and Limitations

 

Chapter II: Review of Related Literature

 

Chapter III: Framework of the Study

  1. Theoretical
  2. Conceptual
  3. Operational

Chapter IV: Methodology and Design

  1. Research Design
  2. Research Method
  3. Concept and Indicators
  4. Respondents and Sampling Frame
  5. Instrumentation
  6. Data Gathering
  7. Time Table

 

Chapter V: Results and Discussions

  1. Survey
  2. FGD/Key Informant Interview

 

Chapter VI: Analyses and Synthesis

 

Chapter VII: Summary, Conclusions and Recommendations

 

Bibliography

Appendices

 

Research Proposal Outline

            The research proposal outline is made up of at least three to four chapters. Some research proposals only used four important headings such as introduction, statement of the problem, significance of the study and methodology. However, if we have to apply the type of a formal research proposal to be submitted to research professor for evaluation and assessment, it does not only contain such headings since it only a composition of one of the four chapters of a formal research proposal except for methodology.

            The outline of a formal research proposal should contain four or three chapters namely, Chapter 1, Introduction or background of the study with subheads—significance of the study, statement problem, objectives, and scope and limitations, Chapter 2, Review of Related Literature, Chapter 3 Framework of the Study and Chapter 4, Methodology and Design. In any research work, these four chapters are the composition of the research proposal.

            The aim of outlining the proposal in this structural type is to provide the research professor a detailed, organized and systematic proposal for evaluation and assessment. It is important for the panel or research professor to see the initial blueprint of the research in order to help him/her decide whether to grant the research or not.

            Hence, the importance of this kind of structure of research proposal can further strengthen the possibility of granting it by the research professor.

           


September 17, 2008

Impact of External Environment on Personnel Management Dissertation Proposal

Impact of External Environment on Personnel Management

 

1.0  Title

The working title of this research is initially drafted as Impact of External Environment on Personnel Management.

Given that businesses do not exist in vacuum, several factors are influencing the core conduct of the business as well as the objectives and strategies of the business. Known as the external environment, these are the social, legal, economic, political, technological and ethical factors. As such, the business has social environment and responsibilities. Personnel management, on the other hand, is the part of management that deals with people and their relationship at work. As the responsibility of those who manage people, personnel management concerns personnel relations and personnel policies. Human resource management (HRM) is the most recent and most celebrated outgrowth of personnel management.

There are several studies relating external environment and personnel management. However, these studies are either taken from broad settings such as the international firm or specific context like the public policy and technology. The study seeks to determine the interplay between the external environment and personnel management in a holistic manner, taking into consideration the elements of external environment aforementioned.     

 

2.0  Introduction

This paper proposes to explore how the external influences change the context and dynamics of personnel management. The aim of the study is to descriptively determine how how consumers, household and communities behave and their beliefs are (social); how legislation in society affects the business and the personnel managers (legal); how the economy affects the business and the role of personnel managers in terms of taxation, government spending, general demand, interest rates, exchange rates and the global economic factors (economic); how changes in government policy affects business (political); how the rapid pace of change in production processes and product innovation affects the business (technological); and how what is regarded as morally right or wrong for a business to do.

In lieu with this, the following research questions will be given answers to:

1)     How the external environment impacts the personnel management?

2)     How the external environment influences the personnel relationships and personnel policies?

3)     How the external environment affects the roles, duties and responsibilities of personnel managers?

4)     How the external environment influences the behaviour and practice of personnel managers?

5)     How the external environment changes the perceptions about and understanding of their position in a specific company?

  On the other hand, the objectives of the study are:

  • To evaluate how the external environment impact personnel management in terms of its influence on personnel relationships, personnel policies and personnel managers
  • To analyse how the external environment affects the behaviours, attitudes perceptions and practices of personnel managers
  • To assess whether external environment contributes on how personnel manager perceive their fit in the company

 

3.0  Literature Review

From the initial review of literature, the researcher found the following journal articles which will provide insights to the study. First is by Henstridge (1975) which revolves on suggesting that the traditional descriptive approaches to personnel management do not provide the concrete definition for personnel management or explain the way in which it actually exists in work organizations. For Henstridge, the phenomenon of personnel management could be a meeting point of disciplines.

The second article is by Akinmayowa (1980) who investigates the relationship between personnel managers and other managers within an organisation. Personnel managers perceived themselves to be in the forefront with other professionals in contributing to corporate success, whereas managers in sales, finance and production departments have a less impressive view of personnel managers' influence in achieving corporate goals.

Oswick and Grant (1996) argued that different roles changes within an organisation such as generalist and specialist personnel roles; relationships between personnel professionals and line managers; and perceptions of personnel activities. Along with these changes, however, are power ramifications. For personnel managers, these changes in roles had a detrimental impact on the duties and activities of the personnel practitioner and have also led to a dilution of professional power.

 

4.0  Research Methodology

This study will use interpretivism as its main research philosophy. Descriptive research will be used in the study. A descriptive research intends to present facts concerning the nature and status of a situation, as it exists at the time of the study (Creswell, 1994). It is also concerned with relationships and practices that exist, beliefs and process that are on-going, effects that are being felt or trends that are developing. In addition, such approach tries to describe present conditions, events or systems based on the impressions or reactions of the respondents of the research (Creswell, 1994).

Basically, a descriptive research utilizes observations and surveys. It is for this particular reason that this approach was chosen by the researcher, whose intention is to gather first hand data. Moreover, this will allow for a flexible approach that when important new issues and questions arise at the duration of the study, a further investigation can be conducted. Also, with this type of approach, the researcher will be allowed to drop unproductive areas of research from the original plan of the study. Another advantage is that with this approach, the research will be fast and somehow cost-effective.

Primary and secondary research will be conducted in the study. In primary research, the study will survey 50 personnel managers. A structured questionnaire will be developed and it will be used as the survey tool for the study. It is planned that the question will have probing and hypothetical questions. Interviews will be followed in order to clarify and gain more insights regarding the issue.

Aside from survey, a secondary research will also be conducted in the study. Sources in secondary research will include previous research reports, newspaper, magazine and journal content and the Internet. In this paper, existing findings on journals and existing knowledge on books will be used as secondary research. Basically, interpretation will be conducted which can account as qualitative in nature. 

For validation purposes, the researcher will pre-test a sample of the set survey questionnaires by conducting an initial survey to at least five respondents. After the respondents have answered the questionnaire, the researchers will then ask them to cite the parts of the questionnaire that needs improvement and if necessary, the researcher will even ask for suggestions and corrections. The researcher, afterwards, will again examine the content of the survey/interview questions to find out the reliability of the instrument so as to determine irrelevant questions that have to be discarded.

For the qualitative data that will be gathered in the duration of the study, a content analysis will be conducted.

The researcher will use the following statistical formulae:

1.       Percentage – to determine the magnitude of the responses to the questionnaire.

            n

% = -------- x 100        ;           n – number of responses

            N                                 N – total number of respondents

2.       Weighted Mean

            f1x1 + f2x2  + f3x3 + f4x4  + f5x5

x = ---------------------------------------------  ;

                        xt

where:             f – weight given to each response

                        x – number of responses

                        xt – total number of responses

 

5.0  References

 

Akinmayowa, J. T. (1980). Relationship of Personnel Managers to Others. Personnel Review, 9(4): 33-36.

 

Creswell, J.W. (1994) Research design: Qualitative and quantitative approaches. Thousand Oaks, California: Sage.

 

Henstridge, J. (1975). Personnel Management: A Framework for Analysis. Personnel Review, 4(1): 47-53.

 

Oswick, C. and Grant, D. (1996). Personnel management in the public sector: Power, roles and relationships. Personnel Review, 25(2): 4-18.


September 13, 2008

Cambodia Conservation

Conservation and Sustainability of Marine Protected Areas: Comparison of Preah Sihanouk "Ream" and Phnom Bokor

 

1.0  Title

The working title of this research is initially drafted as Conservation and Sustainability of Marine Protected Areas: Comparison of Preah Sihanouk "Ream" and Phnom Bokor.

2.0  Background of the Study

In 1925, Cambodia pioneered the establishment of protected areas in the Southeast Asia. The Royal Decree created a national system of classifying the 23 protected areas into four categories such as national parks, wildlife sanctuaries, protected landscapes and multiple use areas. For the purpose of conserving biodiversity, along with protecting forests and wildlife habitats, marine protected areas were likewise established. Marine and littoral protected areas include both marine and littoral and areas with both components. IUCN defines marine protected areas as ""any area of intertidal or subtidal terrain, together with its overlying water and associated flora and fauna, historical and cultural features, which has been reserved by law or other effective means to protect part or all of the enclosed environment."     

In Cambodia, there are four marine protected areas Phnom Bokor, Kep, Preah Sihanouk "Ream", and Botum-Sakor National Park and these areas vary on priority and designation. For this paper, Preah Sihanouk "Ream" and Phnom Bokor will be evaluated in terms of the effectiveness of the conservation and sustainable development practices. The rationale behind this research points on analysing the achievement of the subsistence of marine protection and how it can contribute to the livelihood of Cambodians.

3.0  Statement of the Problem

The problem that will be addressed in this study is to assess the conservation practices in Preah Sihanouk "Ream" and Phnom Bokor areas. How effective are the strategies and systems in protecting and sustaining fish biomass, seabed habitats, sustainable harvesting and exploitation of marine stocks and expanding fish population will be determined. In addition, the research will also address the fishing disturbances in the areas that contribute in interrupted production and eventual decline in marine populace. In lieu with this, the following research questions will be answered.

1)     What are the existing coastal and marine ecosystems?

2)     What legislation and administrative frameworks govern the conservation of marine protected areas?

3)     What are the existing marine protected area systems? How these systems contribute in protecting the areas?

4)     What are the roles of the local communities in conserving the marine areas?

5)     What are the threats in conserving the marine protected areas?

4.0  Objectives of the Study

The study will address the following specific objectives:

  • To analyse the several activities or events that jeopardises effective conservation of that quality of marine life Preah Sihanouk "Ream" and Phnom Bokor
  • To determine how these activities affect the water ecology in the
  • To distinguish the role of the people within the vicinity and the authority having jurisdiction in protecting marine areas 

5.0  Research Methodology

This study will use the descriptive type of research. A descriptive research intends to present facts concerning the nature and status of a situation, as it exists at the time of the study and to describe present conditions, events or systems based on the impressions or reactions of the respondents of the research (Creswell, 1994). It is also concerned with relationships and practices that exist, beliefs and processes that are ongoing, effects that are being felt, or trends that are developing (Best, 1970).

In this study, primary and secondary research will be both incorporated. The reason for this is to be able to provide adequate discussion for the readers that will help them understand more about the issue and the different variables that involve with it. The primary data for the study will be represented by the survey results that will be acquired from the respondents. On the other hand, the literature reviews to be presented in the second chapter of the study will represent the secondary data of the study.

The research will be presented in written form with the addition of data charts which will present the project's results. Pie charts and network charts will be needed to illustrate some of the analyzed data. This cannot be confirmed, however, until the research data have been analyzed.

 

 

 


September 9, 2008

Organizational Strategic Plan Research Proposal

Management of Organizational Strategic Plan

 

Background of the Study

           

Over the years there have been numerous articles, books, and discussions regarding the best and most appropriate strategic planning methods in business. The game theory, judo strategy, scenario planning, and balanced scorecard are effective strategic planning approaches yet would depend on the context and the nature of organization. Each approach has efficiency level, weaknesses, and strengths, but only when each strategy are being applied in its context and appropriately employ, it would maximize the potential of the approaches.

In Taylor's scientific management, it sees the importance of strategic planning as a means in predicting the future, setting goals, and describing the process of achieving the goals. Strategic to some theorists and management practitioners is obsolete, yet, it could not be obsolete if strategic planning is "dynamic and reflect an adaptive readiness to whatever the future may bring, a readiness that requires the capabilities of building connections and competencies, encouraging systematic rather than reductionist thinking and stimulating quick responses to events as they unfold" (Davis, 2002).

The impact of a strategic plan on organization's activities can be measure on daily, medium term and long-term scales. It provides guidance for daily decisions and helps align them with the overall strategy and with the declared goals. It will help provide a rational basis for establishing alliances with stakeholders and maximize leverage and synergy with partners.

Strategic planning processes will have to be focused on the continuous process of orientation, adaptation, and navigation in a rapidly changing environment rather than on a 'strategic plan'.

Selecting an effective strategic direction requires a thorough stakeholder analysis to best evaluate future options (Thibodeau, 2004). Furthermore, one should take into account the differences private or profit sector and public or non-profit sector. Porter's five forces model can be appropriately applied to a private sector, yet, a different version of it, the sic forces model of Oster is applicable in the non-profit sector. The stakeholder theory can be best employ in private sector than in the non-profit organization.

The use of systems theory approach to strategic planning and a framework for conceptualizing and managing the process is more effective.

Statement of the Problem

 

            Since the issue raised in this paper is on managing organizational strategic plan being applied in different organizations, using different approaches, methods, and theories, this study seeks to ask pertinent problems to the management of organizational strategic plan.

            The following are the problems in which this paper would like to answer as this work progresses.

1.      What is management in relation to organization?

2.      What is the importance of strategic plan in an organizational management?

3.      What are effective strategic plan theories and approaches applicable to any organization?

4.      How organizational strategic plan does being managed effectively?

5.      How management of organizational strategic plan affects the development and growth of a corporation?

Objectives of the Study

 

            In studying the management of organizational strategic plan, there are several objectives which are needed to be underlined in order to serve as a direction to fulfill the task of the whole work. In any kind of endeavor, objectives should be clear in order to establish a flowing research discussion.

            This paper has following objectives necessary for the fulfillment of this task.

1.      To understand the role of management in an organization.

2.      To examine the relation between management and the organization.

3.      To analyze the effects of strategic planning in managing an organization.

4.      To assess the importance of managing effectively a strategic plan in an organization.

5.      To evaluate the significance of management organizational strategic planning.

6.      To search for a single unit of strategic planning method that can be applied to any kind of organization        

 

 

Hypothesis

            In pursuing this kind of study, evaluating and analyzing the role of management organizational strategic plan, the researcher has hypothesized that the management organizational strategic plan is effective when and if appropriate theories and methods are employed in accordance to its context and type of organizational they are suitable. It is quite difficult to come up or search for a unified and standard approach for strategic planning that is applicable to any kind of organization.

            Moreover, the role of management and organization are highly valuable in understanding and analyzing the strategic planning. And the effectiveness of strategic planning lies on the way management treat it and handles the course of its implementation.      

Significance of the Study

            The significance of this study is directly points to the development of managing organizational strategic plan. There are several studies related to this one, yet, those are more or less focused on different paths or issues pertaining to management. Moreover, more are into case studies, in order to make a particular and identified result. However, this study is taken in general context, and covered broad area of management. This is in trying to attempt to cover significant areas and elements in management that would help understanding the issue on managing strategic plan, more so, to be able to find ways in search for a unified and possible strategic planning approaches applied to any kind of organization.

                       

Definitions of Concepts

Strategy – This refers to an operational principle in which an organization can carry and achieve the declared goals and objectives.

Management – It refers to a structure or a principle that pertains to an ability of an individual to carry out tasks of an organization in line with the goals and objectives defined.

Organization – This pertains to a group of people, employees, managers, executives that are lead to work in fulfilling and achieving a set of goals.

Strategic plan – refers to a set of guidelines in which an organization or management should observe and implement according to what is in record.

Game theory – it pertains to understanding what is called the value net of players outlined in a given strategic approach. In game theory, understanding the players is the first key element. There are at least two ends of the player spectrum: competitors and complement you receive in dealing with your competitors.

Judo strategy – the principle required the need that organization should make a conscious decision to move rapidly into new markets where there is uncontested ground.

Scenario planning – It refers to a process in which organization allows to look at various avenues in detail before choosing what appears to be the best path.

Balanced scorecard – it indicates the importance of developing a balanced strategy that includes continuous learning, partnerships, and teamwork. It helps  an organization view itself globally while still seeing many of the intricate components that are required for it to be successful.

References:

Thibodeau, B. (2004) Strategic Planning Methods: Which One is Right for your Organization? Retrieved: http://www.artsconsulting.com/pdf_arts_insights/insights_jan_2004.pdf Arts Consulting Group: Los Angeles, USA).

 

Hilburt-Davis, J. (2002).  Learning from Complexity Theory: Is Strategic Planning Obsolete? Practice Papers, Family Firm Institute, Inc. retrieved: http://familybusinessconsulting.com/resources/strategic_planning.pdf,

 

A Framework for Managing Strategic Planning Processes. http://www.icarda.cgiar.org/Publications/PlanninginMuddyWaters/5-section3.pdf

 


September 4, 2008

Importance of FDI in Small Island State: The Case of Seychelles

1.0  Title

The working title of this dissertation is initially drafted as: Importance of FDI in Small Island State: The Case of Seychelles

 

2.0  Background of the Study

The process of making a physical investment into another country is known as foreign direct investment (FDI). This definition extends to include investments which are made to acquire lasting interest in enterprises operating outside of the economy of the investor. As such, FDI relationship mainly comprises a parent enterprise and a foreign affiliate that together form a multinational company (MNC). FDI can be categorized by direction (inward or outward); by target (greenfield investment, horizontal or vertical) and by motive (resource-, market-, efficiency-, or strategic asset-seeking). As Dunning (1988) puts it, FDI advents MNCs based on ownership, location and internationalization with emphasis given on location. The focus of the empirical research is the location advantage because of several factors such as natural resource endowments, availability of cheap but productive labour, human skills endowment, infrastructure facilities, system of incentives and regulation of investments in host countries, trade policy of host countries and the economic environment through macroeconomic and exchange rate stability.

Within the mainstream theoretical and empirical economic literature, however, the academic importance of FDI for island nations had been neglected until recently. FDI and its importance receive a wider database specifically for developing countries, OECD countries, Asian countries and African, Caribbean and Pacific (ACP) countries, but prove to be lacking for small island developing states (SIDS). Unsurprisingly, minimal attention was given to the role of FDI in SIDS because of the relatively low volume of capital inflows. However, FDI could be an important source for small island nations and was perceived to be an important contributor to growth and development. In lieu with this, Seychelles is one of the small island states that possess big potential. In fact, Seychelles ranked 20th (based on percent of GDP) in 2003 that attracts FDI because of the development of businesses and the creation of entrepreneurial culture as well as the sound politics and industrial policies.

             

3.0  Statement of the Problem

The problem that this research will address is the degree of importance of FDI to Seychelles. How FDI could improve the competitiveness of and how FDI could contribute to and promote the growth and development in general of the island nation will be addressed also. This research will also provide analysis on what should be done to make Seychelles more attractive and competitive to foreign direct investors. The study will answer the following research questions.

1)                          What are the recent trends and development in FDI in SIDS? In Seychelles?

2)                          What are the obstacles that foreign direct investors may experience when investing in SIDS? in Seychelles?

3)                          How the creation of externalities in the form of benefits available to all economic participants could leverage Seychelles' global economic participation?

4)                          How does FDI could contribute to the development of local businesses? What are the benefits of FDI for domestic business community?

5)                          How does FDI impact the standard of living of Seychellois? How FDI impact the employment of Seychellois?

6)                          What is the role of the Seychellois government and the investment policy in accelerating the inward movement of capital? What strategies should be embarked on?  

 

4.0  Objectives of the Study

The aim of this study is to measure the importance of FDI to SDIS and, in particular, Seychelles. The following specific objectives will be addressed.

1)                              To determine the recent trends, developments and obstacles in investing in Seychelles

2)                              To explore how Seychellois government and investment policies further attract and maintain FDI  

3)                              To analyse how Seychelles capture the beneficial effects of FDI through externalities

4)                              To evaluate how FDI contributes to the economic growth and development of Seychelles

5)                              To distinguish economic strategies that shall be implemented by the Seychellois government

  

5.0  Research Methodology

The study will incorporate an exploratory approach in the phenomenon because it aims to determine the present facts as well as facts that are not yet explored about the phenomenon. Exploratory research will enable the study to look at the problem in both descriptive and exploratory manner. It will look into the problem by exploring the views of different sets of respondents, as well as by exploring different literatures related with the study.

For this study, primary research and secondary research will be used. The primary source of data will come from the researcher-made questionnaire and interview questions. The primary data frequently gives the detailed definitions of terms and statistical units used in the study. These are usually broken down into finer classifications. The secondary sources of data will come from published articles, journals, theses and related studies on FDI and SIDS and FDI in Seychelles. Acquiring secondary data are more convenient to use because they are already condensed and organized. Moreover, analysis and interpretation are done more easily.

 


Comprehensive Innovation to the Manufacturing Industry

The topic of this thesis proposal was important and interesting for the author because the study has not been subject into enormous study and furthermore such happening is currently present, hence, the issue is still new. The determination of the comprehensiveness of this paper will depend on how the author will be able to present ideas and theories that have relation to the chosen topic and problem.

The business world is facing a crisis, especially in the supply of oil products. Another problem is the fact that United States of America, one of the states that have been powerful in the world-market is likewise experiencing the same crisis. Not all in the business industry is reaping its success as the world crisis was continuously pulling down all the essential requirements that could be of help in the process of their success.

While there is world crisis, the effect of which to the manufacturing industry put a demand to produce a comprehensive plan for innovation. The manufacturing is defined as the process wherein there is a need to employ labor and process to come up with a product. The manufacturing industry is greatly affected by the world crisis because such industry works or run together with the cycle of an economy of one's country.

There is a need for the consumers to be secured by the stability of the economy in order that the business conduct of manufacturing industry will be able to determine the amount of demand that the consumers needed.

On the other hand, it is necessary for the economy to let the manufacturing industry flourish in order to behave a consistent progress of the economy. There is a need to determine the fact the way the world crisis will affect the manufacturing in order for the companies to implement plans that will make their business conduct be more efficient in response to the ever changing demand of the consumers.

 Manufacturing industries must not deviate from the goals of their company because such goals will determine how the business conduct will be able to carry out the processes it has been practicing all through out the years of its existence.

As aforementioned, one of the causes of the world crisis is the fact that oil price has been emerging high in the market. Some marketing industries needs oil in order to make their machines work, which in turn will make the machines produce products. The delivery of products to the consumers whether massive or not also needs oil in order to make deliveries faster and efficient. From this note, the thesis has some discussion or presentation as to the effect of oil crisis in the manufacturing business.

Another reason cited is the problem that the United States of America is facing a problem on its housing market. The problem is not related to the problem on the country's housing market, but on the fact that the United States of America is one of the great player world economies, taking into account the fact that the economy of the mentioned State has been one of the main factors in determining the success of other States.

In relation to manufacturing industry, the instability of the economy of the United States of America makes the companies shaky in terms of their business conduct. This is attributed to the fact that the some of the big companies in the USA collaborated with the small-scale manufacturing located in developing countries. Hence, if such companies will experience some problems because of the economy of the USA, then such small-scale manufacturing industries will be tremendously affected because of its dependency to the conduct of business with the big corporations.

Lastly, the manufacturing will not lost its existence in the business industry so long as there are consumers. However, the only underlying problem is on how to make manufacturing subsist. The means that must be taken into consideration by the company must be efficient. The efficiency of such plan will depend on how the company, the employees, the consumers, and other business partners are able to adapt and accept such changes or innovation.

The author does not impose that there is a need for an innovation. The author would like to present on this paper how the manufacturing companies would be able to make the most of out their resources. The process of innovation may be of help for the company if in case its previous practice will not meet the demands of the rapid changes of world market.


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