December 27, 2008

Impact of Information Technology to Human Resource : A Research Proposal Sample

Introduction

            Globalization and technology are considered as two of the most important aspects that affected the overall aspects of company, particularly its communication process and information flow.

            As of now, organizations within the industrialized societies are experiencing a prolific growth in the development as well as deployment of information and communications technologies. In the entire sector of the economy, in both the public and private, within as well as between the organizational boundaries, computer-based information systems appear to be pervasive (Bloomfield & Coombs 2000, p. 1). However, there are still different questions and debates that pertain to the impact and relationship of IT to the human resource.

            Furthermore, more and more companies and organizations, as of now, are applying IT in different areas and department in order to make sure that the information regarding the employees as well as internal data regarding their performance and financial matters are properly stored and can be retrieved for future use.

Problem Statement

            The main purpose of this study is to examine and analyze the different impacts of the application of IT to the overall management of human resource, in terms of individual and overall organizational performance. Furthermore, this study will focus on the advantage of applying IT in the human resource, and how it can help to improve the overall human resource performance of the company.

Literature Review

            The adoption of the IT helps to transform the way business is being conducted. This varies from the application and use of computers in preparing invoices, issuing checks, keeping track of the movement and flow of stock, as well as storing personnel and payroll records. In addition, the use of word processing and personal computers helps to change the patterns of the office works, thus affecting the efficiency and competitiveness of business, the structure of the work force, as well as the overall growth of the economic output. In general, the said transformation has a contribution in the revolution of the economic consequences, as large as those have been brought about by the industrial revolution (cited in Allen & Scott 1994, p. 5).

            Computer technology has already progressed at an incredibly rapid pace since the widespread of reliance of large, slow, difficult-to-use mainframes 10 to 15 years ago. As of now, the environment of the client-server networks, LANs and WANs, and the Internet's World Wide Web are evolving and developing at speedy pace. Technology has a great promise for the further development of the human resource function as the partner of the business. On the other hand, most of the companies are still using outdated hardware and software, thus use HRIS or Human Resource Information System for only those most routine and used HR tasks (Groe & Pyle 1996, p. 56). 

            HRIS is used in the enterprise-wide decision-support system that can help to achieve both strategic and operations objectives and goals a specific company. Furthermore, the use and application of the fully integrated systems can help to facilitate the more seamless operation of a company across its functions and departments (Groe & Pyle 1996, p. 56).

            There are many examples of companies that have already automated their HR administrative tasks, more specifically those that are connected with the activities and aspects of payroll as well as benefits administration, As a result, it can help to reduce the HR headcount, and help to free up the functional resources for the attention in more strategic aspects and issues of the company (Groe & Jamfrog 1996, p. 57).

            As of now, there are different organizations that are utilizing their automated systems that have been reengineered process by applying interactive employee information kiosks or the Internet-based Web applications. One of this is the Levi Strauss that uses the system called the OLIVER, and systems that have been utilized by the Office Personnel Management by FED Express, in order to collect the data from the employees that uses the computer in order to answer their own questions, test the implications of a given decisions, as well as to change their enrollment in benefits. By the process of reengineering the benefits of the information, it can help organization to reduce the staff needs to answer the question, but also help to create a new and more direct relationship with the employees (Kovach & Cathcart 1999, p. 275).

            In addition, the effectiveness of any human resource practice and practices in influencing the performance of the firm depends mainly on the strategy of that firm (Wright 1998, p. 56). That is the reason why it is important to adjust both the technology and human resource, in order to come up with each other, in order to maintain the business rule of the company that will help to maintain its position in the market.

            Another important development in HR is the application of the Internet. Going online is considered as one of the aspects that fundamentally changing the way how the HR functions works in different companies. This can be done by posting their job openings in their home page as well as career services, where in the company ca receive resumes from different candidates in different part of the globe. The resume will then be passed and retrieved by the recruiting database, that will help the both the company and the applicants easier (cited in Wright 1998, p. 57). 

            Aside from that there are different multitude online services and resources of information that are connected and related with the HR like the interactive online guides, job placement services, consultant and contract worker listing as well as government sites (Wright 1998, p. 57).

Methodology

            The research will use qualitative research in order to know the different impact of IT to the human resource. This will be done by conducting a research to over 50 questions to the senior HR executives in 160 major companies in the country, that will help to represents the full variety of the industries as well as sizes. The questions will target the different human resource activities of the companies as well as the applications and software that are used in connection to the human resource process of the company, such as: what is the main reason for the application of IT to human resource? Who are the key players? What were the results? What were the major consequences and difficulties? What were the key learnings?

Conclusion

            Human resource is considered as one of the most important aspects, if not the most important, in any organization. This is due to the fact that it handles the different activities and issues regarding the most important resource of business and organization, the human power or the labor. This focuses on the process of production of the products and service that a specific company is offering. Furthermore, the satisfaction of the human power can reflect to the products and services that the company is offering to their customers.

            Based on the information that have been gathered from the primary and secondary resources, it had been showed the IT has a great impact and influence over the management and process of human resource. It has a great impact on the process of controlling and managing the data and information that are related to human resource that can impact the entire performance of a specific company, in terms of production.


Impact of External Environment on Personnel Management Research Proposal Sample

 

1.0  Title

The working title of this research is initially drafted as Impact of External Environment on Personnel Management.

Given that businesses do not exist in vacuum, several factors are influencing the core conduct of the business as well as the objectives and strategies of the business. Known as the external environment, these are the social, legal, economic, political, technological and ethical factors. As such, the business has social environment and responsibilities. Personnel management, on the other hand, is the part of management that deals with people and their relationship at work. As the responsibility of those who manage people, personnel management concerns personnel relations and personnel policies. Human resource management (HRM) is the most recent and most celebrated outgrowth of personnel management.

There are several studies relating external environment and personnel management. However, these studies are either taken from broad settings such as the international firm or specific context like the public policy and technology. The study seeks to determine the interplay between the external environment and personnel management in a holistic manner, taking into consideration the elements of external environment aforementioned.    

 

2.0  Introduction

This paper proposes to explore how the external influences change the context and dynamics of personnel management. The aim of the study is to descriptively determine how how consumers, household and communities behave and their beliefs are (social); how legislation in society affects the business and the personnel managers (legal); how the economy affects the business and the role of personnel managers in terms of taxation, government spending, general demand, interest rates, exchange rates and the global economic factors (economic); how changes in government policy affects business (political); how the rapid pace of change in production processes and product innovation affects the business (technological); and how what is regarded as morally right or wrong for a business to do.

In lieu with this, the following research questions will be given answers to:

1)     How the external environment impacts the personnel management?

2)     How the external environment influences the personnel relationships and personnel policies?

3)     How the external environment affects the roles, duties and responsibilities of personnel managers?

4)     How the external environment influences the behaviour and practice of personnel managers?

5)     How the external environment changes the perceptions about and understanding of their position in a specific company?

  On the other hand, the objectives of the study are:

  • To evaluate how the external environment impact personnel management in terms of its influence on personnel relationships, personnel policies and personnel managers
  • To analyse how the external environment affects the behaviours, attitudes perceptions and practices of personnel managers
  • To assess whether external environment contributes on how personnel manager perceive their fit in the company

 

3.0  Literature Review

From the initial review of literature, the researcher found the following journal articles which will provide insights to the study. First is by Henstridge (1975) which revolves on suggesting that the traditional descriptive approaches to personnel management do not provide the concrete definition for personnel management or explain the way in which it actually exists in work organizations. For Henstridge, the phenomenon of personnel management could be a meeting point of disciplines.

The second article is by Akinmayowa (1980) who investigates the relationship between personnel managers and other managers within an organisation. Personnel managers perceived themselves to be in the forefront with other professionals in contributing to corporate success, whereas managers in sales, finance and production departments have a less impressive view of personnel managers' influence in achieving corporate goals.

Oswick and Grant (1996) argued that different roles changes within an organisation such as generalist and specialist personnel roles; relationships between personnel professionals and line managers; and perceptions of personnel activities. Along with these changes, however, are power ramifications. For personnel managers, these changes in roles had a detrimental impact on the duties and activities of the personnel practitioner and have also led to a dilution of professional power.

 

4.0  Research Methodology

This study will use interpretivism as its main research philosophy. Descriptive research will be used in the study. A descriptive research intends to present facts concerning the nature and status of a situation, as it exists at the time of the study (Creswell, 1994). It is also concerned with relationships and practices that exist, beliefs and process that are on-going, effects that are being felt or trends that are developing. In addition, such approach tries to describe present conditions, events or systems based on the impressions or reactions of the respondents of the research (Creswell, 1994).

Basically, a descriptive research utilizes observations and surveys. It is for this particular reason that this approach was chosen by the researcher, whose intention is to gather first hand data. Moreover, this will allow for a flexible approach that when important new issues and questions arise at the duration of the study, a further investigation can be conducted. Also, with this type of approach, the researcher will be allowed to drop unproductive areas of research from the original plan of the study. Another advantage is that with this approach, the research will be fast and somehow cost-effective.

Primary and secondary research will be conducted in the study. In primary research, the study will survey 50 personnel managers. A structured questionnaire will be developed and it will be used as the survey tool for the study. It is planned that the question will have probing and hypothetical questions. Interviews will be followed in order to clarify and gain more insights regarding the issue.

Aside from survey, a secondary research will also be conducted in the study. Sources in secondary research will include previous research reports, newspaper, magazine and journal content and the Internet. In this paper, existing findings on journals and existing knowledge on books will be used as secondary research. Basically, interpretation will be conducted which can account as qualitative in nature. 

For validation purposes, the researcher will pre-test a sample of the set survey questionnaires by conducting an initial survey to at least five respondents. After the respondents have answered the questionnaire, the researchers will then ask them to cite the parts of the questionnaire that needs improvement and if necessary, the researcher will even ask for suggestions and corrections. The researcher, afterwards, will again examine the content of the survey/interview questions to find out the reliability of the instrument so as to determine irrelevant questions that have to be discarded.

For the qualitative data that will be gathered in the duration of the study, a content analysis will be conducted.

The researcher will use the following statistical formulae:

1.       Percentage – to determine the magnitude of the responses to the questionnaire.

            n

% = -------- x 100        ;           n – number of responses

            N                                 N – total number of respondents

2.       Weighted Mean

            f1x1 + f2x2  + f3x3 + f4x4  + f5x5

x = ---------------------------------------------  ;

                        xt

where:             f – weight given to each response

                        x – number of responses

                        xt – total number of responses


Sample Research Proposal on Efficiency and Effectiveness of Records Management on Organization’s Performance

 

Introduction

            Record is considered as any type of recorded information, regardless of the physical form or characteristics, created, received or even maintained by a person, institution or organization. It is considered as extensions of the human memory, purposely created to record the information, document transactions, communicate thoughts, substantiate claims, advance explanations, offer justifications, as well as providing lasting evidence of events. That is why human has a great needs to create as well as store information, in order to retrieve and transmit it, that will help to establish tangible connections with the past (Cox 2001, p. 2).

            Information is always considered as one of the most important aspect of any organization, because it is used in decision-making as well as legal aspects and protections.

            Every business has records that are important and vital to its everyday operation as well as its very existence. As of today, in very competitive environment, it is important that a company must be able to continue its operations during an emergency situation, and must be able to resume its important and main business functions and operation in orderly as well as timely manner, particularly, after manmade or natural disaster. Plans and actions must be taken in order to preserve the ability of the company to continue their business operations that could help them to prove their management as well as gain the confident and trust of their customers regarding their salvation during the event of a disaster (Sampson 1992, p. 133).

Problem Statement

            The main purpose of the study is to show the importance of record management in the organization processes and performance. Furthermore, it will focus on the efficiency and effectiveness of record management and its vital influence on the overall performance of the company.

Literature Review

            The emergence of complex, modern recordkeeping systems took a hundred of years, even though much older systems have more complicated features. On the other hands, the records professional in modern times are having difficulties in facing different challenge concerning the management of record systems, with connection to the challenges that are connected with the digital information era (Cox 2000, p. 23).

            In addition to that, the records management is also being affected by the different factors that are related to organizational changes. This is due to the fact that different organizations and businesses are being affected by different aspects such as globalization and technology that will pushed them to change their organizational structure, strategies, rules and regulations, in order to come up or improve their performance, that will help them to maintain their position in the market. Managing change is considered as complex and challenging and the business needs a responsive, supportive as well as efficient information systems, that will help the business to respond quickly to the changing conditions as well as expectations of the different constituents such as the customers, employees, government, stockholders, suppliers as well as the society and environment (Sampson 1992, p. 89).

            According to the study that was conducted by Harry (2000), in Arlington, Texas, information technology or IT has a great impact over the records management. Furthermore, the records management software had been a great help in handling the needs of the local manager, by reducing their effort and human intervention that helps to reduce effort (p. 92).

            In the case of Arlington Independent School District of ISD, the records management had helped to improve the service of the organization by enabling the management to retrieve records in short period of time, and deliver them upon the request, and the owner are confident that his or her records are being stored and maintained in secure and systematic manner (Harry 2000, p. 95).

            According to Sampson (1992), easy-to-use information systems are important and required in order to support business and organizations as it faces different challenges and opportunities. The said systems must enable timely responses to the ever changing business conditions as well as the changing expectations of all the entities that are involved in the business. Furthermore, there are different aspects that must be considered such as the legal and administrative tasks, as well as globalization (p. 202).

Methodology

The research will use qualitative research in order to know the different impact of records management to the performance of the company. This will be done by applying the method of case study in order to show the current situation of the company regarding its usage and application of records management system and how it can affect and influence their performance as well as their relationship with their direct and indirect stakeholders. The case study will be done by process of observation and historical analysis regarding the company that will focus on the different aspects and activities that are related to the record management such as: what are the main reasons for the application of records management to the performance of the organization? Who are the key players? What were the advantages? What were the major consequences and difficulties? And what were the key learnings?

Conclusion

            Information is always the most important aspects of any company, this help them during the process of decision-making in order to come up with plan and strategies. Furthermore, there are also different laws and regulations that are implemented that are protecting the rights of the customers and employees regarding the security of their information, primarily those confidential data. It is also important to ensure that the data are all available for retrieval for future needs. That is the reason why, the efficiency and consistency of records management is important, furthermore, it can be improved by applying IT or computers in order to speed up the process and implement an error-free records management process.

            Technological applications enable people to compress time, improve productivity, as well as increase profitability. Furthermore, technologies will affect the way of creation, processing, communicating as well as storing information. In addition, new information-sharing capabilities are also helping to revolutionize the way a business operates as it tears down barriers and allows a business to get closer to their customers, suppliers, competitors and other stakeholders (Sampson 1992, p. 203).

            Better management of the information processing can help to provide the opportunity to flatten out the organization during the process of decision-making in the lower levels of management. Decentralized management will also allows to more timely response to the changing conditions of the business (Sampson 1992, p. 203). With the help of IT and other advance technologies, businesses and organizations will be able to manage and retrieve data and record despite of their locations. However, there are still different laws and regulations that must be considered in the process of storing and analyzing data and information, as well as the process of retention and disposition of records, in order to make sure that the company is following the implemented laws.

 

 

 

 

 

 


Research Proposal Sample on Conservation and Sustainability of Marine Protected Areas: Comparison of Preah Sihanouk "Ream" and Phnom Bokor

 

 

1.0  Title

The working title of this research is initially drafted as Conservation and Sustainability of Marine Protected Areas: Comparison of Preah Sihanouk "Ream" and Phnom Bokor.

2.0  Background of the Study

In 1925, Cambodia pioneered the establishment of protected areas in the Southeast Asia. The Royal Decree created a national system of classifying the 23 protected areas into four categories such as national parks, wildlife sanctuaries, protected landscapes and multiple use areas. For the purpose of conserving biodiversity, along with protecting forests and wildlife habitats, marine protected areas were likewise established. Marine and littoral protected areas include both marine and littoral and areas with both components. IUCN defines marine protected areas as ""any area of intertidal or subtidal terrain, together with its overlying water and associated flora and fauna, historical and cultural features, which has been reserved by law or other effective means to protect part or all of the enclosed environment."     

In Cambodia, there are four marine protected areas Phnom Bokor, Kep, Preah Sihanouk "Ream", and Botum-Sakor National Park and these areas vary on priority and designation. For this paper, Preah Sihanouk "Ream" and Phnom Bokor will be evaluated in terms of the effectiveness of the conservation and sustainable development practices. The rationale behind this research points on analysing the achievement of the subsistence of marine protection and how it can contribute to the livelihood of Cambodians.

3.0  Statement of the Problem

The problem that will be addressed in this study is to assess the conservation practices in Preah Sihanouk "Ream" and Phnom Bokor areas. How effective are the strategies and systems in protecting and sustaining fish biomass, seabed habitats, sustainable harvesting and exploitation of marine stocks and expanding fish population will be determined. In addition, the research will also address the fishing disturbances in the areas that contribute in interrupted production and eventual decline in marine populace. In lieu with this, the following research questions will be answered.

1)     What are the existing coastal and marine ecosystems?

2)     What legislation and administrative frameworks govern the conservation of marine protected areas?

3)     What are the existing marine protected area systems? How these systems contribute in protecting the areas?

4)     What are the roles of the local communities in conserving the marine areas?

5)     What are the threats in conserving the marine protected areas?

4.0  Objectives of the Study

The study will address the following specific objectives:

  • To analyse the several activities or events that jeopardises effective conservation of that quality of marine life Preah Sihanouk "Ream" and Phnom Bokor
  • To determine how these activities affect the water ecology in the
  • To distinguish the role of the people within the vicinity and the authority having jurisdiction in protecting marine areas 

5.0  Research Methodology

This study will use the descriptive type of research. A descriptive research intends to present facts concerning the nature and status of a situation, as it exists at the time of the study and to describe present conditions, events or systems based on the impressions or reactions of the respondents of the research (Creswell, 1994). It is also concerned with relationships and practices that exist, beliefs and processes that are ongoing, effects that are being felt, or trends that are developing (Best, 1970).

In this study, primary and secondary research will be both incorporated. The reason for this is to be able to provide adequate discussion for the readers that will help them understand more about the issue and the different variables that involve with it. The primary data for the study will be represented by the survey results that will be acquired from the respondents. On the other hand, the literature reviews to be presented in the second chapter of the study will represent the secondary data of the study.

The research will be presented in written form with the addition of data charts which will present the project's results. Pie charts and network charts will be needed to illustrate some of the analyzed data. This cannot be confirmed, however, until the research data have been analyzed.

 

 

 


Research Proposal Sample on Importance of Talent Retention/ Engagement in the Acquired Company of High-Tech Industry

Introduction

            Human resource or HR is always considered as one of the most important aspects of any company because it main focuses on the productivity of the specific business or organization that can affect their overall performance as well as their connection and relationship with other stakeholders. However, due to the different factors such as globalization and Information Technology or IT, particularly the Internet, the employment process is being affected and changing overtime, that is why it is important to focus on the different demand of the employment processes.

            As of now, workforce is reflecting a change in the age mix, gender, ethnic and culture composition, immigrant status as well as the volume of workers with the disabilities. Furthermore, employers are also turning to the previously untapped resource like welfare recipients and the prison labor (Arthur 2001, p. 2).

            Another important factor to consider is the satisfaction of the employees regarding their status in the company such as the benefits, different packages and the entire environment of the business that will be needed in order to attract as well as to retain the top performers, that will help to maintain productivity and efficiency of the company.

            The process of employment is also being affected by IT or the Internet, this is due to the fact that there are more and more companies that are launching and doing their recruitment and hiring activities via the Internet, that will let them to have a wide source of candidates.

            Above all, different companies have their different needs in terms of employment process that will vary from their culture, structure as well as industry type.  

Problem Statement

            This paper will focus on the importance of employment process to any company. Furthermore, it will be important to show the importance of attracting and retaining the top performers as well as the good and sound relationship of the entire management to the employees, particularly in the high-tech industry.

Literature Review

            Attracting as well as retaining quality talent are becoming extremely difficult and complicated for high-end industries, this is due to the fact that talent is scarce and more often than not, overcompensated (CyberMedia India Online 2007).

            Hiring top talent is considered as a challenge, keeping it is another. The issue regarding the worker retention in the high-tech industries is considered as a serious problem that is getting worse (Willard 2002, p. 28). According to the study of American Management Association or A<A and Ernst & Young, during its annual Human Resources Conference 1999 , that uses data from the survey of 350 senior human resource managers on employee turnover. The result showed that: 46% of the respondents believe that skilled-worker retention was a very serious issue, while 28% said that it is a serious matter; 51% believe that the turnover was high among workers under the age of 30; and 37% of them reported problems regarding the retention of IT workers, which is considered as the highest percentage of any group of workers (Willard 2002, p. 28).

            According to Willard (2002), the retention of IT workers can help to save different time and costs that can help the company to save in financial aspects of the company. In terms of time: the decide time; save attempt time; vacant time; new hire training time; department training time. In terms of cost: the costs that are associated with losing a good person; the costs of recruiting a new person; and the costs of training a new person to be as productive as the person who left (p. 29).

            According to the study of Kanter, most of the high-tech firms are young and marked by the rapid growth a great need for continuous innovation for them to remain their position in the foreign markets. That is the reason why the processes of recruitment, motivation as well as retention of the technical talent are vital for the attainment of the organizational goals, thus lead to the changes in the bureaucratic structure of the company (Burris 1993, p. 84). 

Methodology

            In order to come up with the answer regarding the research, a single case study. Case study refers to the collection as well as presentation of the detailed information regarding a given participant or small group, that includes the accounts of subjects themselves. It is a form of qualitative descriptive research that looks intensely at the individual for small participant pool, that can help to draw a conclusion only about the participant or group in that specific context (Colorado State University 2008).

            The research will use the case of the Tyco Electronics in order to come up with the different data and observation that will help to answer and clarify the problem of the study.

            The case study approach is more flexible compare to scientific research; this is due to the fact that the project focuses on emphasizing the exploration rather than the prescription or prediction. Furthermore, the researchers will be freer to discover and focus on the different issues as they arise in their experiments. Above all, the looser format of the case studies will allow researchers to being with the broad questions that will help to narrow the focus as the experiment progresses rather than attempting to predict each and every possible outcome before the experiment had been conducted (Colorado State University 2008).

            It will also help the researcher to focus on the context, or by focusing on the case and situation of the Tyco Electronics, that can help to bridge the gap between the abstract research as well as the concrete practice that can be done by allowing the researchers to compare their firsthand observations with the quantitative results that are obtainable from other methods of research (Colorado State University 2008).

            Furthermore, experience and familiarity about the tasks and the activities is also an important aspect. This is due to the fact that experienced and long-time employees are considered as an asset for the company, because they already have the enough talents and skills that are important in the process of research and development.

Conclusion

            Due to the different aspects, particularly globalization, IT as well as education, the human resource process, particularly the process of attracting and retaining vital talents is becoming harder. That is why the process of valuing and retaining talents in a company, particularly in high-tech industry is important. In the situation of the high-tech industry, it is important to consider the retention of talents due to many reasons, first is that there is a scarcity in terms of skills and knowledge and the cost of compensation is also high.

            Like any other industry, the process of retention can help the company to save money and effort in finding new candidates that will fit the position as well as will fit the structure and culture of the organization. This will save them from spending money in initial recruitment, selection and hiring process, thus it will help them to save effort in the process of gathering online data and interview processes.  In addition to that, it will also help the company to maintain good relationship with their employees that can help the overall productivity and health of the organizational culture and environment.

 

 

 


Research Proposal Example on The Current Economy and Its Impact On Restaurant Industry.

 

The restaurant business is not a stable industry. From external factors like snowstorms to some internal factors like just one piece of broken equipment can affect the amount of business you do on any given day. These are just some of the many restaurant problems many managers face. According to National Restaurant Association twenty-five percent of restaurant operators said the economy is the number-one challenge facing their business, followed by food costs (22%), building-and-maintaining sales volume (16%) and recruiting-and-retaining employees (14%).

 Restaurant Background Priya Indian restaurant is a franchise restaurant and has four chain stores one in Hokitika, Frans Joseph and Greymouth and Westport. The owner and manager of the Westport branch, Mr Ramesh Alla has identified a few issues that restaurant is currently faced with. To investigate the issues to become Mission Statement, the restaurant promise is "Using only the finest quality ingredients to create classical and contemporary Indian cuisine with traditional methods.

Through primary research and an interview with owner, Mr. Ramesh Alla the following problems were identified. That the restaurant was not performing as  what is expected to proper hiring and training new employees. Advertising is of poor quality hence there is connection to maintain the loyalty of the employees.   The poor advertising factor is also related to the need to make an interactive website, because the current website of the company is old hence giving an impression that the company is not progressive.

To provide some solution to the problem the manager has conducted a study. The SWOT analysis has identified the businesses strengths, weaknesses. Strengths and weaknesses are those what happen internally within the restaurant. Some of the strengths are attributed to the front house service of the company.  The weaknesses are those that the restaurant still follows a traditional and old fashioned in catering services to the consumers.

On the other hand, opportunities and threat are those linked to external matters that have an impact to the organization. It was found out that the opportunity is the capacity of restaurants to adapt to the dictates of the restaurant industry. The threats is the losing the position in the business industry because of the emergence of newly and modern restaurants.

The hospitality industry demands special skills and qualities of its people, particularly in the area of catering services to the consumers. The restaurant must be able to incorporate the necessity of improve training and staff performance. Training must include intense motivation and the ability to make the employees to know the importance of the job and to work as a team. In addition,  the business must be well managed in order to create a sense of commitment and team spirit. Training gives managers a greater overall confidence and a better positive outlook. Profit Chain in which well-trained and engaged employees deliver outstanding service.

 Furthermore, the ways to increase customer is also vital because it could also be the way to see how customers are satisfied with the services prepared.   This can be achieved thru advertising primarily in the offer excellent friendly customer services.  Westport Newspaper Key messages in advertising: Quality,  Freshness, Affordable, Variety, Value. It is also necessary for the company to venture into another set or type of foods in order to give customers several choices because of variation. Customers enjoy the experience, become loyal customers, and positively recommend the restaurant to others, sales increase, profits increase.

 Information was gathered through research from the National Restaurant Association that publishes a monthly Restaurant Performance Index, which measures the health and outlook of the industry. Customer reviews from website: www.priya-nz.com Interviews were conducted with owner, chef, and waiters of Priya Indian Restaurant.

In terms of confidentially, this document contains confidential information and it is proprietary to Priya Indian Restaurant. It is supplied subject to conditions, that it shall not, by way of trade or otherwise, be reproduced, resold, or otherwise circulated without prior written consent of the restaurant. The author will see to it that the information gathered will only be used for academic purpose.

It is the plan of the author that PESTLE will be used in order to give the study a concrete and specific details. PESTLE will help author to have the best basis for drawing a conclusion and recommendations. Furthermore, the author will also apply the SWOT Analysis, however, this analysis will be used in determining the strategy of the restaurant in dealing with problems and inevitable circumstance.


A Research Proposal Sample on Community Foundations or Corporate Philanthropy in the U.S.

 

            This is a research proposal to be conducted by the author. The author would like to discuss the corporate philanthropy in the United States in relation to the proper tax law of the subject nation. The objectives of this study are the following: to provide readers the concept of corporate philanthropy; to bring to the conscious knowledge of the readers the importance of corporate philanthropy; to establish a concrete conclusion that will agree with the argument of the author and; to formulate recommendation that will make corporations and the law be more consistent.

            The author believes that by conducting researches as to the manner the corporations perform in relation to corporate philanthropy. In addition, there is also a necessity to conduct surveys and interview as to provide the information and conclusion a concrete support and proof. The pieces of evidence will give the paper a more probative value thus giving the author a basis for his arguments. These kinds of methodology will give the readers a comprehensive illustration and knowledge as to what the author has been presenting.

Corporate Philanthropy has been presently used by many corporations for so many reasons. The utilization of corporate philanthropy could be attributed for an ideal that is to share to those who are deprived what the corporation has been reaping. Another reason is the fact is for reality purposes that the corporation must show the public that it involves the sake of the community on their business conduct. The reason that may sound wrong is the legal reason, and that is to limit the amount of the imposition of tax to the corporation.

            While the tax law imposed a huge amount of percentage to be imposed, the effect of engaging one's business in a form of philanthropy make the amount more friendly for the company. The problem to be discussed in the proposed research is on how an organization tried to manipulate and formulated actions that may seem to be a deviation from what the law has prescribed but is legal.          

            In the United States, the acceptance of the people and the law as to the foundation of corporate philanthropy is not apparent in past as compare today. There are numerous accounts of raising questions as to the legal and effective structure of corporate philanthropy. As the world continues to evolve, corporate philanthropy was making a name in the political and business side.

            The focus of this study will be on the history of the acceptance of corporate philanthropy in relation to the laws. Furthermore, the author would like to add several factors on how the modern condition has brought corporate philanthropy to be empowered by the law. However, it is the belief of the author that corporate philanthropy has touches the whole existence of a corporation. This means that corporation does not use this philanthropy on the act of giving but also the reason behind being legal.

            There are different kinds of corporate philanthropy. There are those that done internationally and locally. However, in relation to the restrictions and allowance provided by law, there are those acts by corporations that are not allowed which will further put too much burden to them. Furthermore, there are certain corporations that their conduct is for charitable but to run to what the law may have been prohibited, hence, the author would like to present those acts, which are not considered charitable one. The author would try to find answers why there are corporations who would still do such illegal acts.

            In addition, in order to give this study a more effective presentation the author would also provide for the strategies and management of corporate philanthropy of corporations. The inclusion of this topic will give the readers the idea on how corporations have been given importance to the necessity of the corporate philanthropy. Furthermore, the author would also try to provide information regarding the reasons of some corporation of not taking corporate philanthropy as an important factor for the existence and success of the company.

            In conclusion, the study would take into consideration the key points discussed through out the paper. The key points will be discussed in correlation to the argument of the author.

            Therefore, the proposed study will be providing comprehensive and detailed information about corporate philanthropy. Furthermore, the provision of the laws relating to the subject will supply this paper a legal approach making the recommendation mo realistic in approach.

           


An Investigation of Education of Pakistani Politicians : Research Proposal Sample

 

1.0  Title

As initially drafted, the working title of this research will be – An Investigation of Education of Pakistani Politicians.

2.0  Introduction

Been ruled by both democratic and military government, Pakistan has had a long history of sporadic period of electoral democracy and authoritarian military governance. Political processes took place within the framework of federal republic as its official government in alternating system of government including parliamentary, presidential or semi-presidential. The continuously changing political system is due to widespread discontent over central government's responsiveness to citizens. In Pakistan, the high rates corruption, the excessive focus on patronage and the inadequacy of public welfare regulation are a commonplace.

Devolution was perceived to be the key in combating the unyielding political issues. In 2002, the Pakistani government enacted a constitutional amendment requiring electoral candidates to hold a Bachelors degree or higher to facilitate running for a parliamentary position. Nonetheless, this unparalleled policy change disqualified 60 of the 207 elected legislators from the 1997 election and 97% of the population as well in running for election in the succeeding years. Such amendment was motivated by the purpose of improving political selection since optimal political selection is not being achieved by the voters.      

3.0  Statement of the Problem

The problem that will be addressed in this research is how and why education should matter in deciding who the appropriate, for the lack of better term, politician to lead the parliament. The key question to answer is: How important is education for Pakistani politicians? In lieu with this, the paper will seek to provide answers for the following specific questions:

1)     How does the restricted candidature affect the political competition in the country?

2)     How does education requirements for running impact the competence of the Pakistani politicians?

3)     How does education could likely affect the voter turnout?

4)     How does the disqualification of a particular amount of candidates affect the future of election in the country?

5)     Is it possible that future politicians could be educated 'politically'? How?

4.0  Objectives of the Study

The main aim of the study is to explore education as a prerequisite in securing candidacy in Pakistani political system. In particular, the research will seek to accomplish:

  • To analyse how the education plays an important role on elections in Pakistan in terms of restricted candidature, political competition and politician competent
  • To evaluate how disqualifications could undermine potential politicians and could leverage the political competence in the place

5.0  Research Methodology

Descriptive research will be used in the study. A descriptive research intends to present facts concerning the nature and status of a situation, as it exists at the time of the study (Creswell, 1994). It is also concerned with relationships and practices that exist, beliefs and process that are on-going, effects that are being felt or trends that are developing. In addition, such approach tries to describe present conditions, events or systems based on the impressions or reactions of the respondents of the research (Creswell, 1994).

Basically, a descriptive research utilizes observations and surveys. It is for this particular reason that this approach was chosen by the researcher, whose intention is to gather first hand data. Moreover, this will allow for a flexible approach that when important new issues and questions arise at the duration of the study, a further investigation can be conducted. Also, with this type of approach, the researcher will be allowed to drop unproductive areas of research from the original plan of the study. Another advantage is that with this approach, the research will be fast and somehow cost-effective.

Primary and secondary research will be conducted in the study. In primary research, the study will survey incumbent politicians and the politicians with intentions of running in future elections. A structured questionnaire will be developed and it will be used as the survey tool for the study. It is planned that the question will have probing and hypothetical questions. Interviews will be followed in order to clarify and gain more insights regarding the issue.

Aside from survey, a secondary research will also be conducted in the study. Sources in secondary research will include previous research reports, newspaper, magazine and political journal content and the Internet. In this paper, existing findings on journals and existing knowledge on books will be used as secondary research. Basically, interpretation will be conducted which can account as qualitative in nature. 


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