Skip to main content



Background of the Study

In teaching and learning process, there are different internal and external factors that affect the learning skills of the students. An effective teacher is known to have the power to realize socially valued objectives agreed for teacher’s work including the work concerned with enabling students to teach (Campbell et al, 2004).  There are many ways to know if a teacher is effective or not. Effective teaching is intellectually demanding in that it requires the teacher to know, in a deep sense, the subject being taught.

To teach effectively, the teacher needs to be able to think and problem-solve, to analyse a topic, to reflect upon what is an appropriate approach, to select key strategies and materials, and to organize and structure ideas, information, and tasks for students. None of these activities occurs in a vacuum (Eriksen, 1983).

Effective teaching is socially challenging in that it takes place in the context of a department and institution which may have unexamined traditions and conflicting goals and values. Most important of all, effective teaching requires the teacher to consider what the students know, to communicate clearly to them, and to stimulate them to learn, think, communicate, and perhaps in their turn, to stimulate their teachers. In short, to teach effectively you must know your subject, know how your students learn, and how to teach.

However, if the children that are complete in senses and functions well fail to complete the attendance in school, how much more the individuals who are physically disabled or unable to function well as a normal person? In order to promote the education among the children with mobility disorders such as visual impairment, many educators proposed that there should be a special treatment for those people. First, the institutions should address the mobility needs of the students in order to learning objectives of the universities.    

The purpose of the study is to assess the Braille competency and user skill efficiency of teachers. This is done by analysing data acquired from them through survey questionnaires that contain questions related with the topic.            Another purpose of the paper is to be able to determine the implications of Braille competency to students. The experiences of the school teachers to be surveyed for this study pertaining to Braille competency may provide some enlightenment on several implications.


Statement of the Problem

This paper intends to the Braille competency and user skill efficiency of teachers by surveying several randomly chosen school teachers in the area.


Aims and Objectives

The aim of the paper is to determine the Braille competency and user skill efficiency of teachers. This is in lieu to promote which approach is more advantageous for the school organisations. The reason for aligning the issue of the Braille competency and user skill efficiency of teachers with the schools, is because of the possible implications that each may uniquely provide for the public.


            The following research questions are the problems explored:

1.         What are the implications of the Braille competency and user skill efficiency of teachers in the overall development of school? 

2.         What are the views of school teachers regarding Braille system in teaching their students with visual impairment?

3.         Is the current level of teachers Braille knowledge and skill effective in teaching their students?


Research Methodology and Techniques for Data collection

Research requires an organised data gathering in order to pinpoint the research philosophies and theories that will be included in the research, the methodology of the research and the instruments of data interpretation. In this study, the Research Process “Onion” will be utilised so that the findings of the study can be thoroughly established. The inner part of the onion describes the methodology portion whereas the outer part discusses the strategies that can be utilised in interpreting the results of the findings.

The descriptive research method uses observation and surveys. In this method, it is possible that the study would be cheap and quick. It could also suggest unanticipated hypotheses. Nonetheless, it would be very hard to rule out alternative explanations and especially infer causations. Thus, this study will use the descriptive approach. This descriptive type of research will utilise observations in the study.  To illustrate the descriptive type of research, Creswell (1994) will guide the researcher when he stated: Descriptive method of research is to gather information about the present existing condition.  The purpose of employing this method is to describe the nature of a situation, as it exists at the time of the study and to explore the cause/s of particular phenomena. The researcher opted to use this kind of research considering the desire of the researcher to obtain first hand data from the respondents so as to formulate rational and sound conclusions and recommendations for the study.

The research described in this document is partly based on quantitative research methods. This permits a flexible and iterative approach. During data gathering the choice and design of methods are constantly modified, based on ongoing analysis. This allows investigation of important new issues and questions as they arise, and allows the investigators to drop unproductive areas of research from the original research plan.








Campbell, J. Kyriakides, L. Muijs, D. and Robinson, W. (2004). Assessing Teacher Effectiveness: Developing a Differentiated Model. New York, RoutledgeFalmer.

Creswell, J.W. 1994, Research design. Qualitative and quantitative approaches. Thousand Oaks, California: Sage.

Eriksen, S. "Private Measures of Good Teaching." Teaching of Psychology 10, n0. 3, 133-136.




Popular posts from this blog

Sample Research Proposal on TOURISM INDUSTRY IN ZAMBIA

Chapter 1 – Background to the Study The Zambian economy has historically been based on the copper-mining industry, which is done the Copperbelt. Output of copper had fallen, however, to a low of 228,000tonnes in 1998, continuing a 30-year decline in output due to lack of investment, and more recently, low copper prices and uncertainty over privatization. In 2001, the first full year of a privatized industry, Zambia recorded its first year of increased productivity since 1973. The future of the copper industry in Zambia was thrown into doubt in January 2002, when investors in Zambia's largest copper mine announced their intention to withdraw their investment. Zambia now needs to depend on other tourism activities to help the economy. The main objective of this study is to investigate Zambia's policy on tourism, and explore mechanisms available to promote this industry elsewhere by identifying tourist attraction areas, and instituting lasting policies by the government, which has …

Sample Research Proposal on The Influence and Impact of Advertising to Consumer Purchase Motive

Introduction Today's market is characterised by highly competitive organisations which are all vying for consumer's loyalty. Firms are faced with the challenge to maintain their own competitive edge to be able to survive and be successful. Strategies are carefully planned and executed to gain the ultimate goal of all: company growth. However, external factors are not the only elements which influence growth. There are also internal factors, components working within the organisation which shape the direction of the company. Along with the changing business world, customers change as well, becoming more demanding and knowledgeable than before. In turn, company management had shifted their focus on their clients or customers so as to stay successfully in business. This transition meant that organisations have to completely reformulate their conventional business aims and purposes from being process-focused to customer-centred. Hence, in order to bring out exceptional customer ser…

Sample Research Proposal on Internet Banking Services

REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE Internet banking refers to the utilization of the Internet for performing transactions and payments by accessing a bank's secure website.It also pertains to the application of financial services and markets through the use of electronic communication and computation(Humphrey et al. 2004).The developments can be subdivided into two main areas. The first is the impact of Internet banking on financial services. Most economists perceive that the existence of the Internet and other electronic communication processes has significantly changed many aspects of the banking industry. A majority of the services normally provided by banks can already be provided by other financial entities (Jayaratne et al. 2001). The second main area is the major transformation that occurred on most financial markets. Nowadays, these no longer need to be related with a physical place. In effect, trading systems for foreign exchanges are gradually becoming global. All these change…