This paper will analyze the social backgrounds, events and factors that changed the society, government, ideology, religion and the policies of
The french religious wars in the 16th century was a series of wars and conflicts that is fought between the Catholic sector and Protestant (Huguenots) sectors of the French society. These wars with regards to religious beliefs were disastrous for
The first war started when Duc de Guise of the House of Guise and his followers massacred innocent Huguenots in the area of Vassy. A few of the Duc's servants got into a disagreement with some Huguenots attending a religious service. Violence ensued and the Duc fired on a number of unarmed Huguenots while his companions burned a Huguenot church (Haine 98). Because of this incident, Huguenot forces assembled their own troops to punish the Duc and to bring the other perpetrators sto justice. Protestant forces planned to attack the Catholic towns while appealing to countries such as
The monarchy headed by Catherine de' Medici asked the House of Guise to solve the problem being posed by the Protestants while appealing to the king of
Another war between the Huguenots and the Catholic was imminent when the Cardinal of Lorraine hatched a plan to kill Conde and Coligny who were the two important and vital leaders of the Huguenots movement in
The year 1572 was a hard year for all
On August 23, 15782, due to the urging of Catherine de' Medici, the king, Charles IX ordered the troops to kill Coligny and other prominent members of the Huguenot leadership who were then attending an important wedding in Paris. Coligny was killed by the king's troops and rumours spread that the king has orderd the murder of all Huguenots in
War was again declared between the Huguenots and Catholics when the Huguenot stronghold of
Other wars and disagreement between Huguenots and Catholics followed and eventually the king would sign the Edict of Nantes that granted Huguenots freedom of worship and civil rights for nearly a century (
In seeing the whole perspective with regards to the religious wars that plagued France in the 16th century, we can see that these wars can be classified as a civil war between two particular and distinct forces of the French society that is divided not by two unique ideologies and theories but by two conflicting religious point of view, Catholicism and Protestantism.
The religious wars were also an international battle of Protestantism and Catholicism. Although the reason, location and events of these religious wars can be found inside
These religious wars also highlighted the differences and disparity of all people in
The effects of these wars and internal strife inside the French society have a large and significant impact upon the different aspects of
If these financial resources were diverted into more beneficial ways like the establishment of universities and other schools of learning or improving port facilities and transportation the country would be greatly benefited. Improved port facilities and transportation services would then be useful to the economy because it facilitates the faster transfer of goods, services, food and other resources from one part of
These wars also claimed many lives and destroyed many properties, buildings, brides and other important facilities. These religious wars claimed the lives of men, both Huguenots and Protestant, thereby sapping the vitality of the nation. In this condition, there would be labor shortages because men are not in the fields harvesting their crops resulting into massive famine and starvation the rural areas. Men who would someday contribute to the progress and development of
These wars also disrupted the lives of the Huguenots living in
The religious wars also brought distrust and suspicions between Catholics and Protestants. In these wars, the two camps eyed one another with suspicion and doubts and literally accusing one another of heresies and other religious violations. These wars fostered the disunity and divisiveness inside the country thus hampering real progress and development. The monarchy cannot focus its attention in formulating policies that would alleviate the condition of the masses because it is always bothered by the Huguenot rebellions. Society therefore cannot function in harmony because a Frenchman harbors enmity and distrust to his fellow Frenchman.
At the Edict of Nantes, the monarchy saw that fighting the Protestants and Huguenots is not practical and in fact detrimental to the political health and economic stability of the country. The monarchy saw that in order to obtain stability, peace and progress, the country must be united even though the people have two distinct religions. The state discovers that toleration and leniency in terms of religious freedom is the acceptable policy that must be followed by the government.
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