The energy situation in
Fossil fuel reserves are diminishing rapidly across the world, intensifying the stress on existing reserves daily due to increased demand. Not only that, fossil fuels, presently contributing to 80 percent (Muneer and Asif, 2007 pp. 654-671
Aside, 'global and regional energy security in future is not likely to be threatened as much by the shortage of resources as it is likely to be endangered by the disruption of supplies and availability of tradable resources: threatened by growing terrorism and geopolitical conflicts.
Pakistan promises to subsidize its gas imports from Iran and thus also become major forex earner, it is willing to give pipeline related 'international guarantees' notwithstanding its record of covert actions in breach of international law and its reluctance to reciprocally provide India what World Trade Organization rules obligate it to do. Research will endeavor to analyze significance global trends for Pakistan's case and those involved, among policy options to import natural gas, Indo-Iran overland pipeline option is considered to be effective and economical in addressing India's long term energy demands though security guarantees have been offered, there refuses to entertain the role of Pakistan in the project for fear of its energy supply being disrupted in case of military conflict with Pakistan. The need to argue that global security is not only aimed at addressing
Chapter 1 – Background to the Study The Zambian economy has historically been based on the copper-mining industry, which is done the Copperbelt. Output of copper had fallen, however, to a low of 228,000tonnes in 1998, continuing a 30-year decline in output due to lack of investment, and more recently, low copper prices and uncertainty over privatization. In 2001, the first full year of a privatized industry, Zambia recorded its first year of increased productivity since 1973. The future of the copper industry in Zambia was thrown into doubt in January 2002, when investors in Zambia's largest copper mine announced their intention to withdraw their investment. Zambia now needs to depend on other tourism activities to help the economy. The main objective of this study is to investigate Zambia's policy on tourism, and explore mechanisms available to promote this industry elsewhere by identifying tourist attraction areas, and instituting lasting policies by the government, which has …