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Water Pollution

1.0 Background of the Study


Water is continuously moving around the earth and constantly changing its form. It evaporates from land, become bodies of water and is used by all forms of life on Earth. And water pollution is threatening Earth's inhabitants. The causes of pollution in water are virtually endless and have many sources. The most polluting of them are the city sewage and industrial waste discharged into the rivers. Presently, only about 10% of the waste water generated is treated; the rest is discharged as it is into our water bodies. Due to this, pollutants enter groundwater, rivers, and other water bodies This polluted water, which ultimately ends up in our households, is highly contaminated and carries disease-causing microbes. Agricultural run-off, or the water from the fields that drains into rivers, is another major water pollutant as it contains fertilizers and pesticides. Many people dump garbage onto streams, lakes, rivers, and seas, thus making water bodies the final resting place of cans, bottles, plastics, and other household products. Today's cleaning products are synthetic detergents coming from petrochemical industry. Most detergents and washing powders contain phosphates, which are used to soften the water (2005). These and other chemicals contained in washing products affect the health of all forms of life in the water and who uses water. Human infectious diseases are among the most serious effects of water pollution, especially in developing countries, where sanitation may be inadequate or non-existent. Clearly, problems associated with water pollution have the capabilities to disrupt life on the planet to a great extent.


2.0 Statement of the Problem


The achievement of lessening water pollution is the main issue here. What the local government as well as the local people is doing in protecting and sustaining geothermal fluids like hot springs and volcanic ejecta is critical. What are the factors that will lead to the geothermal pollution of hot springs? Conserving and protecting hot springs by means of not bathing in it for soap, even bio-soap, introduces harmful contaminates that do not break down into the water system. Keeping campsites at 200 feet away from all water sources because any pollution that gets in threatens fish, wildlife and human drinking water are some of the ways in maintaining the quality of hot springs.


What are water disturbances in the areas that contribute in water pollution and eventual decline of the purity of hot springs would be another issue to deal with. Tarps left in hot springs produce a foreign fungus which does not break down and is harmful to the surrounding environment and ultimately makes its way into the local water systems. Therefore knowledge and awareness in upholding the quality of hot springs is important for the local communities residing in this area.


3.0 Objectives of the Study


The main purpose of this study is to analyze the several activities or events that jeopardizes effective conservation of the quality of hot springs. This research, specifically, purports to determine how these activities affect water ecology and to distinguish the role of the people within the vicinity and the authority having jurisdiction in protecting and preserving the quality of hot springs. This research takes into account the practices that affect pollution in hot springs, recognizing the economic, social and environmental obligation of the people.


4.0 Research Methodology


This study will use the descriptive type of research. A descriptive research intends to present facts concerning the nature and status of a situation, as it exists at the time of the study and to describe present conditions, events or systems based on the impressions or reactions of the respondents of the research (Creswell, 1994). It is also concerned with relationships and practices that exist, beliefs and processes that are ongoing, effects that are being felt, or trends that are developing (Best, 1970).


In this study, primary and secondary research will be both incorporated. The reason for this is to be able to provide adequate discussion for the readers that will help them understand more about the issue and the different variables that involve with it. The primary data for the study will be represented by the survey results that will be acquired from the respondents. On the other hand, the literature reviews to be presented in the second chapter of the study will represent the secondary data of the study.


The research will be presented in written form with the addition of data charts which will present the project's results. Pie charts and network charts will be needed to illustrate some of the analyzed data. This cannot be confirmed, however, until the research data have been analyzed.



5.0 References


Best, J.W. (1970). Research in Education, 2nd Ed. Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice Hall, Inc.



Creswell, J.W. 1994. Research design. Qualitative and quantitative approaches. Thousand Oaks, California: Sage.



Internet. (2005). Microsoft Encarta Online Encyclopedia. Retrieved January 7, 2009, from www.encarta.com.



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