On 15 February, 17-year-old TJ Hickey died when he was thrown from his bike and impaled on a fence railing in Redfern, Sydney (
Rioters set fire to a train station and pelted police officers with gasoline bombs in an Aborigine neighborhood here during a nine-hour street battle that began after a teenager died, reportedly while being chased by officers. The rioting in the district, Redfern, left 40 officers injured and highlighted continuing tensions between Aborigines and the authorities (www.eniar.org)
It has been reported that the tension in Redfern began building following the death of Hickey on the morning of Sunday 15 February. Riding his bicycle in a reckless manner, he fell off and impaled himself on a fence. Rumors spread like wildfire through the ghetto that the youth died in a police pursuit, a claim the police deny. Posters sprang up calling the police child murderers. Groups of Aboriginals started preparing Molotov cocktails and filling wheelie bins with bricks, paving slabs and bottles (
According to David Perrin (2004), Police are forbidden to arrest drug-pushers around syringe-distribution centers in
Alcohol Problem in
Alcohol use plays a significant role in Australian culture. For most Australians alcohol is the drug of choice but rarely looked upon as a drug. Many young people see alcohol use as a rite of passage as do some parents and other adults in the community. Alcohol plays a considerable role in adolescent youth culture and in their search for identity. Peers have a strong influence in adolescent culture and alcohol consumption remains a group activity. As highlighted in research on designer drinks, the labeled clothes young people wear and the music they like are just as important in actually producing a social identity as the drinks they choose (Brain and Parker, 1997). The role of communities and the cultural context in which drug and alcohol use occurs is an extremely important factor in determining the extent an type of harm associated with a particular drug. Young people have voiced concerns about the changing world, specifically feelings of hopelessness, despondency and uncertainty about their future (Shanahan et al, 1999). While data that a higher proportion of the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander community abstain from alcohol than is the case for the non-indigenous population, alcohol misuse in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities around Australia remains a major and critical public health issue. The contribution of alcohol to a range of acute social problems, including violence and particularly domestic violence, has gained considerable media attention and generated much debate in recent times. Alcohol and substance misuse is now a recognized crisis in Aboriginal and
Alcohol-related crime, violence and anti social behaviour
Alcohol is linked to a high proportion of crimes of violence and public disorder. It has been shown that alcohol-related violence is a major player in harms suffered by 'acute drinkers, with near to half of all alcohol-related deaths in
It is widely accepted that one of the most complex social issues affecting communities all over the world is the use and misuse of illicit drugs and alcohol. The Redfern-Waterloo area is no different to most other areas in this regard in terms of being faced with the challenges brought on by the impact of drug and alcohol use in the community. The problems caused by alcohol and drug use and misuse include unsafely discarded needles and syringes, intoxication, dealing and using public places and violence all of which can contribute to negative perceptions of the community image. Alcohol and other drug use substantially contribute to death, injury, illness, crime, mental health and social problems both to drug users and to the wider community. Some Aboriginal communities have problems with substance abuse by young people and adults, including alcohol abuse. Substance abuse can be associated with offending in many ways, from the commission of break and enters to obtain alcohol to the association of alcohol abuse with violence. Indigenous Australians are very much aware of an alcohol problem. A large proportion of the population recognizes alcohol consumption and alcohol-related violence as a serious issue. Indigenous people of all ages do realize that the consumption of alcohol is a problem and that one of the major issues surrounding consumption is alcohol-related violence. Notwithstanding such concerns, it remains the case that indigenous drinkers continue to consume at hazardous and harmful levels. The results of such drinking are often alcohol-related social disorder, including violence. Most alcohol-related social disorder, however, is confined to a select, core group who perpetrate most of the violence who constitute most of the victims.
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Sample Research Proposal on Alcohol Caused Violence in Redfern
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