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Teenage drug abuse


Teenage drug abuse



Advances leading to a better understanding of adolescent drug abuse have come about through a recognition of the multigenerational and multidimensional nature of the problem, its causes, consequences, and effective solutions (Newcomb 1992). For example, many developmental, psychological, physical, socio-cultural, legal and academic factors require attention during the assessment and treatment of an adolescent with substance-use disorder. Likewise, drug use should be questioned when some other medical or psychiatric disorder is the


primary diagnosis (US Congress, 1991). Given concern about adolescent drug abuse, it can be appropriate to present an update on research findings and provide an opportunity to identify prominent gaps in current knowledge.


The need to recognize and apply effective strategies for preventing drug abuse among teenagers in Yuen Long secondary school, Hong Kong. The research is to provide overview of substance abuse prevention strategies targeting teenagers in Yuen Long as admitted to a particular secondary school. The effectiveness of several prevention approaches and programs and implications for certain service providers will a part of this research. Research is to examine associations between social relationships and school engagement in early secondary school and substance use.





Methods can relate to school based longitudinal study of secondary school students, by surveying students in school ages 13 to 14 years old, 16 years old. A total of 100 students will participate in first wave of data collection. Having good school and social connectedness associated with the best outcomes in later years. Case study survey methodology can serve as an appropriate method tool for this research, this will be through survey statements that deal teenage drug abuse in secondary school at Yuen Long, HK research subjects will be psychologists or counselors composing a total of 5 of them to participate in the case study survey, as responses will be ranged from a five point scaling classification from point 1 to point five ratios. Refer below for a possible formation of the statements and its range of response level.










































No



STATEMENTS













1



effective system for matching drug abusing individuals with diagnostically appropriate programs has important implications in terms of the quality of health care delivery



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2



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5



2



Treatment can be beneficial if the adolescents participate in programs that are selected on the basis of comprehensive assessment and referral to specific services thought to meet their individual needs



1



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5



3



Recognition that drug-abusing adolescents most in need of treatment experience multiple problems and various combinations of effective therapeutic approaches must be available to meet each teenager's individual needs



1



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4



5




The likelihood of completing school can be reduced for those with either poor social connectedness, low school connectedness or vise versa. Teenage experiences of secondary school and relationships with others may continue to affect their moods, substance use in later years, and likelihood of completing secondary school. Having good school connectedness and good social connectedness is associated with the best outcomes. The challenge is how to promote school and social connectedness to best achieve these health and learning outcomes. Thus, to review on certain epidemiology of substance use among teenagers, there is public health imperative in countries to assess the population rates of illicit drug use among teenagers. In addition, monitoring trends over time may reflect the net effects of activities and programs carried out to prevent adolescent substance use. School based surveys provide prevalence estimates of substance use, but do not capture street and homeless youth and high risk adolescents not found in the school environment. Overall, there may suggest that categories of illicit drug use have shown consistent increases in prevalence for school-based teenagers, suggesting that substance use problem HK teenagers remain unsolved. The trends are remarkably similar across substance use behaviors, although limited data has emanated from teenagers in HK developing world. Interventions to reduce substance use have shown mixed results, with those focusing on teenagers' social environment showing promise. Broader public health approaches, including the linkage to secondary school prevention, greater enforcement or regulatory and legislative approaches to drug access can imply future directions for more research and practice.



Reference


U.S. Congress, Office of Technology Assessment. Adolescent Health. Vol. 2, Background and the Effectiveness of Selected Prevention and Treatment Services (OTA-H-466). Washington, DC: Supt. of Docs., U.S. Govt. Print. Off., 1991.


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