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Research Proposal on Student Information System: Review of Related Literature

1.0  Title

The working title of this research is initially drafted as – Student Information System: Review of Related Literature


2.0  Background of the Study

A term coined by Karl Jaspers, axial age describes the period of rapid religious and spiritual revolution from 800 BCE to 200 BCE. This German philosopher stressed that within this period that new and different religious beliefs emerged in China, Greece, India, Mesopotamia and Palestine. Jaspers contend that this lead to the founding or major developments of Buddhism, Confucianism, Hinduism, Jainism and Taoism. He assumed that all religious development occurred as a resultant of human thought and cosmological patterns.

Jaspers' advocacies, apart from the author himself, received a wealth of criticisms arguing that there are no clear indications of the causality regarding the emergence of new cultural-religious formations especially across the old world. Axial Age contributed to the widening degree of tension between transcendental and mundane orders of reality. But nonetheless, the Axial Age purports significance changes in the conceptual world of human beings.

In the actual study, more paradox will be outlined with respect to Axial Age, its fundamentals, theories and criticisms. The basic purpose of this study is to trace the commencement of the Axial Age with the hope to present a clear and concise conclusion.


3.0  Statement of the Problem

The problem that this study will address is the exploration of the beginning of Axial Age. In lieu with this, the research will answer the following specific questions.

1)     What do historians mean by the term Axial Age? What are the characteristics of the Axial Age?

2)     What was Axial about the period from 800 BCE to 200 BCE? What are the changes during the Axial Age?

3)     What are the consequences of Axial Age? Why Axial Age is important?

4)     How the Axial Age shape the religious system? How it could likely to affect the modern religions?


4.0  Objectives of the Study

The aim of the study is to provide a descriptive account on the conception of Axial Age based on literatures. The following specific objectives will be addressed.

1)                            To determine the definitive meaning of Axial Age and to outline its characteristics

2)                            To present the religious changes from the period of 800 BCE to 200 BCE 

3)                            To distinguish the consequences of Axial Age

4)                             To evaluate the importance of Axial Age

5)                            To analyse the connection between Axial Age and religious systems

6)                            To study how Axial Age impact the contemporary religious system


5.0  Research Methodology

The research will be approached in a descriptive manner. A descriptive research intends to present facts concerning the nature and status of a situation, as it exists at the time of the study and to describe present conditions, events or systems. As descriptive also, the study concerns the relationships and practices that exist, beliefs and processes that are ongoing, effects that are being felt, or trends that are developing.

Majority of the research will be secondary. The literature reviews to be presented in the second chapter of the study will represent the secondary data of the study. For this research, the researcher, after gathering the relevant data needed, will collate them together then afterwards render a critical analysis on the collected documents and materials.

Aside from gathering empirical data, comparative contextual analysis of the literature will be adopted. Comparative contextual analysis refers to the method of comparative research whereby contextual analysis of similarities and differences is possible.



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